Absolute Calibration of Sentinel-3A and Jason-3 Altimeters with Sea-Surface and Transponder Techniques in West Crete, Greece
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This work presents the latest absolute and relative calibrations for the altimeters of the Sentinel-3A and Jason-3 at the Permanent Facility for Altimeter Calibration in west Crete, Greece. Results have been determined at first with the transponder at the CDN1 Cal/Val site on the mountains of west Crete using the ascending Sentinel-3A Pass No. 14 and the descending Jason-3 Pass No.18. Then, sea-surface calibration has been carried out with the descending Sentinel-3A Pass No. 335 and the ascending Jason-3 Pass No.109 based on the Cal/Val facility on Gavdos island. For Sentinel-3A results have been established for cycles 3–27 using Level 2 (Level 0 for transponder) and Non-Time Critical data. For Jason-3, cycles 5–80 and the S-GDR-D data have been worked with the transponder calibration, while for the results with sea-surface calibration, cycles 1–80 with the I-GDR-D data have been implemented.
Sentinel-3A produces biases of the order of a few mm either with the transponder (+2.7 mm) or with the sea-surface calibration (7.3 mm and −4.4 mm). The altimeter of Jason-3 presents a range bias at +22.7 mm (No.18) with the transponder and −36.7 mm for the bias in sea-surface height, respectively. Finally, comparison of sea-surface heights observed by Sentinel-3A relative to Jason-3 demonstrates a difference of +4 cm within a period of ±3 days about 20 km south of Gavdos.
KeywordsCalibration Jason-3 Sea-surface Sentinel-3A Transponder Validation
This work has been supported and funded by the EU and ESA (ESA Contracts No. 4000117101/16/I/BG and 400122240/17/I-BG). The operational work for Jason-3 transponder Cal/Val has been supported by CNES.
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