Ecoflex® and Ecovio®: Biodegradable, Performance-Enabling Plastics

  • K. O. Siegenthaler
  • A. Künkel
  • G. Skupin
  • M. Yamamoto
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 245)


Biodegradable polymers are sustainable alternatives to standard plastics in applications where the functional property of biodegradability is an advantage. Ecoflex® is the brand name of completely biodegradable aliphatic–aromatic polyesters produced by BASF. By the use of renewable raw materials either in the production of Ecoflex® itself and/or by blending with bio-based polymers like starch or poly(lactic acid) (PLA), biodegradable plastics with new and interesting properties profiles are obtained. Compounds of Ecoflex® and PLA are commercialized by BASF under the brand name Ecovio®. Ecoflex® and Ecovio® combine very good mechanical properties with complete biodegradability and are, in certain applications, drop-in substitutes for standard plastics like polyethylene or polystyrene. The application range is very broad: from film applications like organic waste bags, shopping bags or agricultural mulch films to knitted nets, shrink films, coated paper board and stiff foamed packaging.


Biodegradable Biopolymer Compostable Compound Sustainability 







Gas chromatography


High density


Lactic acid


Life-cycle assessment


Low density


Machine direction


Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development


Poly(butylene adipate-co-butylene terephtalate)


Poly(butylene succinate)






Poly(lactic acid)




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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. O. Siegenthaler
    • 1
  • A. Künkel
    • 1
  • G. Skupin
    • 1
  • M. Yamamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.BASF SELudwigshafen a. RheinGermany

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