Ecoflex® and Ecovio®: Biodegradable, Performance-Enabling Plastics

  • K. O. Siegenthaler
  • A. Künkel
  • G. Skupin
  • M. Yamamoto
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 245)

Abstract

Biodegradable polymers are sustainable alternatives to standard plastics in applications where the functional property of biodegradability is an advantage. Ecoflex® is the brand name of completely biodegradable aliphatic–aromatic polyesters produced by BASF. By the use of renewable raw materials either in the production of Ecoflex® itself and/or by blending with bio-based polymers like starch or poly(lactic acid) (PLA), biodegradable plastics with new and interesting properties profiles are obtained. Compounds of Ecoflex® and PLA are commercialized by BASF under the brand name Ecovio®. Ecoflex® and Ecovio® combine very good mechanical properties with complete biodegradability and are, in certain applications, drop-in substitutes for standard plastics like polyethylene or polystyrene. The application range is very broad: from film applications like organic waste bags, shopping bags or agricultural mulch films to knitted nets, shrink films, coated paper board and stiff foamed packaging.

Keywords

Biodegradable Biopolymer Compostable Compound Sustainability 

Abbreviations

BDO

1,4-Butanediol

CD

Cross-direction

GC

Gas chromatography

HD

High density

LA

Lactic acid

LCA

Life-cycle assessment

LD

Low density

MD

Machine direction

OECD

Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development

PBAT

Poly(butylene adipate-co-butylene terephtalate)

PBS

Poly(butylene succinate)

PCL

Poly(ε-caprolactone)

PE

Polyethylene

PLA

Poly(lactic acid)

PS

Polystyrene

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. O. Siegenthaler
    • 1
  • A. Künkel
    • 1
  • G. Skupin
    • 1
  • M. Yamamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.BASF SELudwigshafen a. RheinGermany

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