Shape-Memory Polymers pp 1-40

Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 226)

Shape-Memory Polymers and Shape-Changing Polymers

  • Marc Behl
  • Jörg Zotzmann
  • Andreas Lendlein


The ability of polymers to respond to external stimuli is of high scientific and technological significance. In the last few years, research activities have been intensified substantially, exploring whether stimuli-sensitive polymers can be designed that move actively. In this review actively-moving materials were classified according to the underlying mechanisms enabling the shape changes: shape-memory polymers and shape-changing polymers/shape-changing gels were identified. The application spectra of these materials as well as the current developments were elucidated and general molecular design principles presented. When applicable, a further distinction according to the applied stimulus was made.


Application Liquid crystalline elastomer Shape-changing gel Shape-memory polymer Triple-shape 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Behl
    • 1
  • Jörg Zotzmann
    • 1
  • Andreas Lendlein
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Biomaterial DevelopmentInstitute of Polymer Research, GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht GmbHTeltowGermany

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