Nanoporous Materials from Block Copolymer Precursors

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 190)

Abstract

Block copolymers constitute a fascinating set of self-assembled materials exhibiting compositional heterogeneities on the nanometer length scale. While traditionally employed as thermoplastic elastomers, asphalt modifiers, and adhesives, the potential of self-assembled block copolymers for nanotechnological applications has been realized in the past decade and many examples have now appeared in the literature. As indicated by the title, this review covers a specific aspect of block copolymers as tools for preparing nanoscopic materials. Nanoporous materials can be generated by selective removal of one component from a self-assembled block copolymer. These materials exhibit the pore size and pore topology of their parent structures and can be used as nanolithographic masks, separation membranes and nanomaterial templates. The work described within covers the published work in the field since the first report of nanoporous materials from ordered block copolymers nearly two decades ago. After an introductory section and historical account, sections on nanolithography, membranes, monoliths, and templates follow. The review ends with a summary and outlook on this exciting research arena in block copolymer science and technology.

Block copolymers Etching Nanolithography Nanoporous Self-assembly 

Abbreviations

AFM

atomic force microscopy

DBS

dodecylbenzenesulfonate

BET

Brunauer--Emmett--Teller

χ

Flory--Huggins interaction parameter

GASAXS

Grazing angle small-angle X-ray scattering

HABA

2-(4′-hydroxybenzene-azo)benzoic acid

IR

infrared

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance

PαMS

poly(α-methyl styrene)

PBD

polybutadiene

PCEMA

poly(2-cinnamoylethyl methacrylate)

PCHE

polycyclohexylethylene

PDP

pentadecyl phenol

PDMS

polydimethylsiloxane

PEO

poly(ethylene oxide)

PFMA

poly(perfluorooctylethyl methacrylate)

PHOST

poly(4-hydroxy styrene)

PI

polyisoprene

PLA

polylactide

PLLA

poly-L-lactide

PMMA

poly(methyl methacrylate)

PPO

poly(propylene oxide)

P(PMDSS)

poly(pentamethyldisilylstyrene)

PPS

poly(4-vinylphenyl-dimethyl-2-propoxysilane)

PS

polystyrene

PVP

poly-4-vinylpyridine

PtBA

poly(t-butylacrylate)

RIE

reactive ion etching

SANS

small-angle neutron scattering

SAXS

small-angle X-ray scattering

scCO2

super critical carbon dioxide

SEC

size exclusion chromatography

SEM

scanning electron microscopy

TBAF

tetrabutyl ammonium fluoride

TEM

transmission electron microscopy

Tg

glass transition temperature

THF

tetrahydrofuran

UV

ultraviolet

WAXS

wide-angle X-ray scattering

XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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