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Heterojunctions in Composite Photocatalysts

  • Roland MarschallEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 371)

Abstract

Combining different light-absorbing materials for the formation of semiconductor heterojunctions is a very effective strategy for preparing highly active photocatalyst and photoelectrochemical systems. Moreover, the combination of solid state semiconductors with polymers or molecular absorbers expands the possible combinations of materials to alter light absorption and optimize charge carrier separation. In this chapter, different strategies to prepare such composites are presented, highlighting the necessity of intimate interfacial contact for optimum charge carrier transfer. Moreover, the most recent developments and improvements in the formation of heterojunctions and composite photocatalyst systems based on semiconductor solids are presented.

Keywords

Charge separation Composites Heterojunctions Photocatalysis Semiconductors 

Notes

Acknowledgement

R.M. gratefully acknowledges funding in the Emmy-Noether program (MA 5392/3-1) of the German Research Foundation DFG.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Physical ChemistryJustus-Liebig-University GiessenGiessenGermany

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