Charge Transport in Organic Semiconductors

Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 312)

Abstract

Modern optoelectronic devices, such as light-emitting diodes, field-effect transistors and organic solar cells require well controlled motion of charges for their efficient operation. The understanding of the processes that determine charge transport is therefore of paramount importance for designing materials with improved structure-property relationships. Before discussing different regimes of charge transport in organic semiconductors, we present a brief introduction into the conceptual framework in which we interpret the relevant photophysical processes. That is, we compare a molecular picture of electronic excitations against the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger semiconductor band model. After a brief description of experimental techniques needed to measure charge mobilities, we then elaborate on the parameters controlling charge transport in technologically relevant materials. Thus, we consider the influences of electronic coupling between molecular units, disorder, polaronic effects and space charge. A particular focus is given to the recent progress made in understanding charge transport on short time scales and short length scales. The mechanism for charge injection is briefly addressed towards the end of this chapter.

Keywords

Charge carrier mobility Charge transport Organic semiconductors Molecular model Gaussian disorder model SSH model Organic optoelectronics 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Experimental Physics IIUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany

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