Fullerenes, Carbon Nanotubes, and Graphene for Molecular Electronics

  • Julio R. Pinzón
  • Adrián Villalta-Cerdas
  • Luis Echegoyen
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 312)

Abstract

With the constant growing complexity of electronic devices, the top-down approach used with silicon based technology is facing both technological and physical challenges. Carbon based nanomaterials are good candidates to be used in the construction of electronic circuitry using a bottom-up approach, because they have semiconductor properties and dimensions within the required physical limit to establish electrical connections. The unique electronic properties of fullerenes for example, have allowed the construction of molecular rectifiers and transistors that can operate with more than two logical states. Carbon nanotubes have shown their potential to be used in the construction of molecular wires and FET transistors that can operate in the THz frequency range. On the other hand, graphene is not only the most promising material for replacing ITO in the construction of transparent electrodes but it has also shown quantum Hall effect and conductance properties that depend on the edges or chemical doping. The purpose of this review is to present recent developments on the utilization carbon nanomaterials in molecular electronics.

Keywords

Bottom-up Carbon nanomaterials Molecular conductance Molecular electronics Unimolecular electronic devices 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julio R. Pinzón
    • 1
  • Adrián Villalta-Cerdas
    • 1
  • Luis Echegoyen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Texas at El PasoEl PasoUSA

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