Heterogeneously-Catalyzed Conversion of Carbohydrates

Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 295)

Abstract

Polyfunctionality of carbohydrates and their low solubility in conventional organic solvents make rather complex their conversion to higher value added chemicals. Therefore, innovative processes are now strongly needed in order to increase the selectivity of these reactions. Here, we report an overview of the different heterogeneously-catalyzed processes described in the literature. In particular, hydrolysis, dehydration, oxidation, esterification, and etherification of carbohydrates are presented. We shall discuss the main structural parameters that need to be controlled and that permit the conversion of carbohydrates to bioproducts with good selectivity. The conversion of monosaccharides and disaccharides over solid catalysts, as well as recent advances in the heterogeneously-catalyzed conversion of cellulose, will be presented.

Keywords

Carbohydrates Dehydration Heterogeneous catalysis Hydrolysis Oxidation 

Abbreviations

BMIM

1-Butyl 3-methyl imidazolium

ChCl

Choline chloride

DMSO

Dimethylsulfoxide

HMF

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural

HMS

Hexagonal mesoporous silica

IL

Ionic liquid

PMO

Periodic mesoporous organosilica

PS

Polystyrene

TBD

Triazabicyclo[4.4.0.]dec-5-ene

TOF

Turn over frequency

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Copyright information

© Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karine De Oliveira Vigier
    • 1
  • François Jérôme
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Catalyse en Chimie OrganiqueLACCO UMR CNRS 6503 Université de PoitiersPoitiers CedexFrance

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