Development of Agriculture Left-Overs: Fine Organic Chemicals from Wheat Hemicellulose-Derived Pentoses

  • Frédéric Martel
  • Boris Estrine
  • Richard Plantier-Royon
  • Norbert Hoffmann
  • Charles PortellaEmail author
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 294)


This review is dedicated to wheat hemicelluloses and its main components d-xylose and l-arabinose as raw materials for fine organic chemistry. The context of the wheat agro-industry, its by-products, and extraction and hydrolysis of hemicelluloses to produce the pentoses are considered. The straightforward preparation of pentose-based surfactants, their properties, and their situation in the field of carbohydrate-based surfactants are addressed. Multistep transformations of pentoses are also described, first from a methodology point of view, with the aim of producing multifunctional enantiopure building-blocks, then considering targeted natural and/or bioactive products. Selected reactions of furfural, an important dehydration product of pentoses, are also presented.


d-Xylose Enantiopure building-blocks Furfural l-Arabinose Surfactants 



Oil/water interfacial tension


Alkyl polyglucosides


Alkyl polypentosides


Critical micelle concentration


Degree of polymerization






Hydrophilic–lipophilic balance




Modulus of elasticity


Modulus of rupture




Ring-closing metathesis





We are grateful to the CNRS, University of Reims, ARD Company, MESR, Conseil Régional Champagne-Ardenne, Conseil Général de la Marne, Ville de Reims, and Fondation du Site Paris-Reims for providing financial support, and to Europol’Agro (CARINNA) for managing the research program GLYCOVAL. We also warmly thank our co-workers, whose names appear in the references from our labs, for their contributions.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frédéric Martel
    • 1
  • Boris Estrine
    • 1
  • Richard Plantier-Royon
    • 2
  • Norbert Hoffmann
    • 2
  • Charles Portella
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Agro Industrie Recherches et DéveloppementsPomacleFrance
  2. 2.UFR Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, CNRS UMR 6229Institut de Chimie Moléculaire de Reims, Université de Reims Champagne-ArdenneReims Cedex 2France

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