Advertisement

Magnetic and Porous Molecule-Based Materials

  • Nans Roques
  • Veronica Mugnaini
  • Jaume Veciana
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 293)

Abstract

In this chapter, we give an overview of the recent state-of-the-art research of porous and magnetic molecule-based materials. The subject is introduced by a section devoted to the fundamentals of magnetism in molecular magnets, with special attention to the design strategies to prepare molecular magnetic materials. We will then focus on the two main families of materials combining porosity and magnetism: the purely organic and the metal-organic porous magnetic materials. For both families, a selection of the most representative examples has been made. A complete section is devoted to magnetic and porous materials with flexible frameworks, an area of emerging importance in this field, because of their wide range of applications. Finally, we conclude with a brief overview on the most recent approaches for the future development of these materials.

Keywords

Magnetism Metal-organic frameworks Open-shell organic molecules Porosity Purely-organic frameworks 

Notes

Aknowledgements

Authors want to thank the financial support given by the “Plan Nacional de Investigación Científica y Desarrollo e Innovación Tecnológica,” Iniciativa Ingenio 2010, Programa Consolider, under Project EMOCIONA (CTQ 2006-06333/BQU), the “Instituto de Salud Carlos III” through “Acciona CIBER,” the DGR, Catalunya (Project 2005 SGR 00591), and the European Commission under the Network of Excellence “MAGMANet” (contract NMP3-CT-2005-515767-2) and the Collaborative Project “SURMOF” (contract STRP032109). V.M. thanks the Spanish Research Council (CSIC) for funding.

References

  1. 1.
    Wilson ST, Lok BM, Messina CA, Cannan TR, Flanigen EM (1982) J Am Chem Soc 104:1146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cheetham A, Férey G, Loiseau T (1999) Angew Chem Int Ed 38:3268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Natarajan S, Mandal S (2008) Angew Chem Int Ed 47:2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Férey G (2008) Chem Soc Rev 37:191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Janiak C (2003) Dalton Trans 2781Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Férey G (2001) Chem Mater 13:3084CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cheetham A, Rao CNR, Feller RK (2006) Chem Commun 4780Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yaghi OM, O’Keefe M, Ocwig NW, Chae HK, Eddaoudi M, Kim J (2003) Nature 423:705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Moulton B, Zaworotko MJ (2001) Chem Rev 101:1629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Eddaoudi M, Moler DB, Li HL, Chen BL, Reineke TM, O’Keeffe M, Yaghi OM (2001) Acc Chem Res 34:319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Robson R (2000) J Chem Soc, Dalton Trans 37:3537Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zaworotko M (2000) Angew Chem Int Ed 39:3052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yaghi OM, Li HL, Davis C, Richardson D, Groy TL (1998) Acc Chem Res 31:474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Blake AJ, Champness NR, Hubberstey P, Li WS, Withersby MA, Schröder M (1999) Coord Chem Rev 183:117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rao NR, Natarajan S, Vaighyanathan R (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:1466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Park YK, Choi SB, Kim H, Kim K, Won B-H, Choi K, Choi J-S, Ahn W-S, Won N, Kim S, Jung DH, Choi S-H, Kim G-H, Cha S-S, Jhon YH, Yang JK, Kim J (2007) Angew Chem Int Ed 46:8230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Park K-M, Iwamoto T (1992) J Chem Soc, Chem Commun 72Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kim J, Whang D, Lee JI, Kim K (1993) J Chem Soc, Chem Commun 1400Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yaghi OM, Li H (1995) J Am Chem Soc 117:10401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yaghi OM, Li H (1996) J Am Chem Soc 118:295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Min KS, Suh MP (2000) J Am Chem Soc 122:6834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kamiyama A, Noguchi T, Kajiwara T, Ito T (2000) Angew Chem Int Ed 39:3130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Uemura K, Kitagawa S, Kondo M, Fukui K, Kitaura R, Chang H-C, Mizutani T (2002) Chem Eur J 8:3586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Corma A (1995) Chem Rev 95:559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fujita M, Kwon YJ, Washizu S, Ogura K (1994) J Am Chem Soc 116:1151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sawaki T, Aoyama Y (1999) J Am Chem Soc 121:4793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rosi NL, Eckert J, Eddaoudi M, Vodak DT, Kim J, O’Keefe M, Yaghi OM (2003) Science 300:1127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Van Den Berg AWC, Otero Areá C (2008) 668Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Morris RE, Wheatley PS (2008) Angew Chem Int Ed. doi:10.1002/anie.200703934/Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Férey G, Mellot-Draznieks C, Serre C, Millange F, Dutour J, Surblé S, Margiolaki I (2005) Science 309:2040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Eddaoudi M, Kim J, Rosi N, Vodak D, Wachter J, O’Keeffe M, Yaghi OM (2002) Science 295:469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Li H, Eddaoudi M, O’Keeffe M, Yaghi OM (1999) Nature 402:276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kondo M, Yoshitomi T, Seki K, Matsuzaka H, Kitagawa S (1997) Angew Chem Int Ed 36:1725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kondo M, Okubo T, Asami A, Noro S-I, Yoshitomi T, Kitagawa S, Ishii T, Matsuzaka H, Seki K (1999) Angew Chem Int Ed 38:140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Noro S-I, Kitagawa S, Kondo M, Seki K (2000) Angew Chem Int Ed 39:2081CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kuznicki SM, Bell BA, Nair S, Hillhouse HW, Jacubinas RM, Braunbarth CM, Toby BH, Tsapatsis M (2001) Nature 412:720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Pan L, Adams KM, Hernandez HE, Wang X, Zheng C, Hattori Y, Kaneko K (2003) J Am Chem Soc 125:3062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Dybtsev CN, Chun H, Yoon SH, Kim D, Kim K (2004) J Am Chem Soc 126:32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Mueller U, Schubert M, Teich F, Puetter H, Schierle-Arndt PK (2006) J Mater Chem 16:626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Kitagawa S, Kitaura R, Noro S-J (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:2334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Champness NR (2006) Dalton Trans 877Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kepert C (2006) Chem Commun 695Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Maspoch D, Ruiz-Molina D, Veciana J (2007) Chem Soc Rev 36:770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Miller JS (2000) Inorg Chem 39:4392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kahn O (2000) Acc Chem Res 33(10):647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Buschow KHJ, De Boer R (2003) Physics of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. Kluwer/Plenum, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Miller JS, Epstein AJ (2000) MRS Bull 21Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Maspoch D, Domingo N, Roques N, Wurst K, Tejada J, Rovira C, Ruiz-Molina D, Veciana J (2007) Chem Eur J 13:8153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Roques N, Maspoch D, Datcu A, Wurst K, Ruiz-Molina D, Rovira C, Veciana J (2007) Polyhedron 26:1934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Caneschi A, Gatteschi D, Sessoli R, Rey P (1989) Acc Chem Res 22:392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Lacroix PG (2001) Chem Mat 13:3495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Blundell SJ, Pratt FL (2004) J Phys Condens Matter 16:R771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Amabilino DB, Veciana J (2001) In: Miller JS, Drillon M (eds) Magnetism: molecules to materials II. Wiley, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Kahn O (ed) (1996) Magnetism: a supramolecular function. Kluwer, DordrectGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Amabilino DB, Cirujeda J, Veciana J (1999) Phil Trans R Soc Lond A 357:2873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Cirujeda J, Hernàndez-Gasió E, Rovira C, Stanger J-L, Turek P, Veciana J (1995) J Mater Chem 5(2):243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Deumal M, Cirujeda J, Veciana J, Novoa JJ (1998) Adv Mater 10(17):1461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Kinoshita M, Turek P, Tamura M, Nozawa K, Shiomi D, Nakazawa Y, Ishikawa M, Takahashi M, Awaga K, Inabe T, Maruyama Y (1991) Chem Lett 1225Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Takahashi M, Turek P, Nakazawa Y, Tamura M, Nozawa K, Shiomi D, Ishikawa M, Kinoshita M (1991) Phys Rev Lett 67:746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Tamura M, Nakazawa Y, Shiomi D, Nozawa K, Hosokoshi Y, Ishikawa M, Kinoshita M (1991) Chem Phys Lett 186:401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Hicks RG (2004) Can J Chem 82:1119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Hicks RG, Lemaire MT, Öhrström L, Richardson JF, Thompson LK, Xu Z (2001) Am Chem Soc 123:7154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Maspoch D, Ruiz-Molina D, Wurst K, Domingo N, Cavallini M, Biscarini F, Tejada J, Rovira C, Veciana J (2003) Nat Mater 2:190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Cao R, Sun D, Liang Y, Hong M, Tatsumi K, Shi Q (2002) Inorg Chem 41:2087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Gilroy JB, Koivisto BD, McDonald R, Ferguson MJ, Hicks RG (2006) J Mater Chem 16:2618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Kahn O (1993) Molecular magnetism. VCH, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Fegy K, Luneau D, Ohm T, Paulsen C, Rey P (1998) Angew Chem Int Ed 37(9):1270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Miller JS, Zhang JH, Reiff WM, Preston LD, Reis AH Jr, Gerbert E, Extine M, Troup J, Ward MD (1987) J Phys Chem 91:4344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Manriquez JM, Yee GT, McLean RS, Epstein AJ, Miller JS (1991) Science 252:1415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Miller JS, Calabrese JC, Epstein AJ, Bigelow RW, Zhang JH, Reiff WM (1986) J Chem Soc Chem Commun 1026Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Sato O, Cui A, Matsuda R, Tao J, Hayami S (2007) Acc Chem Res 40:361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Maspoch D, Ruiz-Molina D, Wurst K, Rovira C, Veciana J (2002) Chem Commun 2958Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Maspoch D, Ruiz-Molina D, Wurst K, Vidal-Gancedo J, Rovira C, Veciana J (2004) Dalton Trans 1073Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Maspoch D, Domingo N, Ruiz-Molina D, Wurst K, Hernández JM, Lloret F, Tejada J, Rovira C, Veciana J (2007) Inorg Chem 46:5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Maspoch D, Domingo N, Ruiz-Molina D, Wurst K, Tejada J, Rovira C, Veciana J (2004) J Am Chem Soc 126:730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Roques N, Maspoch D, Wurst K, Ruiz-Molina D, Rovira C, Veciana J (2006) Chem Eur J 12:9238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Wang Z, Zhang T, Otsuka T, Inoue K, Kobayashi H, Kurmoo M (2004) Dalton Trans 2209Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Wang X-Y, Gan L, Zhang S-W, Gao S (2004) Inorg Chem 43:4615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Viertelhaus M, Adler P, Clérac R, Anson CE, Powell AK (2005) Eur J Inorg Chem 692Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Rettig SJ, Thompson RC, Trotter J, Xia S (1999) 38:1360Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Wang X-Y, Wei H-Y, Wang Z-M, Chen Z-D, Gao S (2005) Inorg Chem 44:572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Wang Z, Zhang B, Fujiwara H, Kobayashi H, Kurmoo M (2004) Chem Commun 416Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Cornia A, Caneschi A, Dapporto P, Fabretti AC, Gatteschi D, Malavasi W, Sangregorio C, Sessoli R (1999) Angew Chem Int Ed 38:1780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Decurtins S, Pellaux R, Antonerra G, Palacio F (1999) Coord Chem Rev 192:841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Nikolaï SI, Makhaev VD, Aldoshin SM, Gredin P, Boubekeur K, Train C, Gruselle M (2005) Dalton Trans 3101Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Gruselle M, Thouvenot R, Malézieux B, Train C, Gredin P, Demeschik TV, Troitskaya LL, Sokolov VI (2004) Chem Eur J 10:4763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Coronado E, Galán-Mascaros JR, Gómez-Garcia CJ, Ensling J, Gütlich P (2000) 6:552Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Coronado E, Galán-Mascaros JR, Gómez-Garcia CJ, Martínez-Agudo JM (1999) Adv Mater 11:558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Larionova J, Mombelli B, Sanchiz J, Kahn O (1998) Inorg Chem 37:679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Clemente-León M, Coronado E, Galán-Mascaros JR, Gómez-Garcia CJ (1997) Chem Commun 1727Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Mathonière C, Carling SG, Yusheng D, Day P (1994) J Chem Soc, Chem Commun 1551Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Tamaki H, Zhong ZJ, Matsumoto N, Kida S, Koikawa M, Achiwa N, Hashimoto Y, Okawa H (1992) J Am Chem Soc 114:6974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Andrés R, Brissard M, Gruselle M, Train C, Vaisserman J, Malézieux B, Jamet J-P, Verdaguer M (2001) Inorg Chem 40:4633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Coronado E, Galán-Mascaros JR, Gómez-Garcia CJ, Martínez-Agudo JM (2001) Inorg Chem 40:113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Sieber R, Descurtins S, Stoeckli-Evans H, Wilson C, Yufit D, Howard JAK, Capelli SC, Hauser A (2000) Chem Eur J 6:361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Lancaster T, Blundell SJ, Pratt FL, Coronado E, Galán-Mascaros JR (2004) J Mater Chem 14:1518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Nuttal CJ, Day P (1998) 10:3050Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Pellaux R, Schmalle HW, Huber R, Fischer P, Hauss T, Ouladdiaf B, Descurtins S (1997) Inorg Chem 36:2301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Descurtins S, Schmalle HW, Pellaux R, Huber R, Fischer P, Ouladdiaf B (1996) Adv Mater 8:647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Farrel RP, Hambley TW, Lay PA (2004) Inorg Chem 126:32Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Gruselle M, Train C, Boubekeur K, Gredin P, Ovanesyan N (2006) Coord Chem Rev 250:2491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Pointillart T, Gruselle M, Andre G, Train C (2008) J Phys: Cond Matter 20:135214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Coronado E, Galán-Mascaros JR (2005) J Mater Chem 15:66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Coronado E, Day P (2004) 104:5419Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Coronado E, Galán-Mascaros JR, Gómez-Garcia CJ, Laukhin V (2000) Nature 408:447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Lu JY, Lawandy MA, Li J, Yuen T, Lin CL (1999) Inorg Chem 38:2695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Yuen T, Lin CL, Mihalisin TW, Lawandy MA, Li J (2000) J Appl Phys 87:6001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Armentano D, De Munno G, Lloret F, Palii AV, Julve M (2002) Inorg Chem 41:2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Armentano D, De Munno G, Mastropietro TF, Julve M, Lloret F (2005) J Am Chem Soc 127:10778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Pei Y, Journaux Y, Kahn O, Dei A, Gatteschi D (1986) J Chem Soc, Chem Commun 1300Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Ribas J, Díaz C, Costa R, Journaux Y, Mathonière C, Kahn O, Gleizes A (1990) Inorg Chem 29:2042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Vicente R, Escuer A, Ribas J (1992) Polyhedron 11:857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Ribas J, Diaz C, Solans X, Font-Badia M (1997) J Chem Soc, Dalton Trans 35Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Fettouhi M, Ouahab L, Boukhari A, Cador O, Mathonière C, Kahn O (1996) 35:4932Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Pereira CLM, Pedroso EF, Novak MA, Brandl AL, Knobel M, Stumpf HO (2003) Polyhedron 22:2387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Stumpf HO, Pei Y, Kahn O, Sletten J, Renard J-P (1993) J Am Chem Soc 115:6738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Kadam RM, Bhide MK, Sastry MD, Yakhmi JV, Kahn O (2002) Chem Phys Lett 357:457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Vaz M G F, Ardisson J D, Speziali N L, Souza G P, Stumpf H O, Knobel M, Macedo W A A (2001) 20:1431Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Stumpf HO, Ouahab L, Pei Y, Grandjean D, Kahn O (1993) Science 261:447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Stumpf HO, Ouahab L, Pei Y, Bergerat P, Kahn O (1994) 116:3866Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Stumpf HO, Pei Y, Michaut O, Kahn O, Renard JP, Ouahab L (1994) Chem Mater 6:257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Cador O, Price D, Larionova J, Mathonière C, Kahn O, Yakhmi J V (1997) 7:1263Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Pardo E, Ruiz-Garcia R, Cano J, Ottenwaelder X, Lescouëzec R, Journaux Y, lloret F, Julve M (2008) DaltonTrans 2780Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Pereira CLM, Pedroso E, Stumpf HO, Novak MA, Ricard L, Ruiz-García R, Rivière E, Journaux Y (2004) Angew Chem Int Ed 43:955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Pardo E, Cangussu D, Dul M-C, Lescouëzec R, Herson P, Journaux Y, Pedroso EF, Pereira CLM, Muñoz M-C, Ruiz-García R, Cano J, Amorós P, Julve M, Lloret F (2008) Angew Chem Int Ed 47:4211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Maji TK, Sain S, Mostafa G, Lu T-H, Ribas J, Montfort M, Chaudhuri NR (2003) Inorg Chem 42:709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Sain S, Maji TK, Mostafa G, Lu T-H, Chaudhuri NR (2003) New J Chem 27:185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Delgado FS, Sanchiz J, Ruiz-Pérez C, Lloret C, Julve M (2003) Inorg Chem 42:5938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Konar S, Mukherjee PS, Drew MGB, Ribas J, Chaudhuri NR (2003) Inorg Chem 42:2545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Long LS, Chen X-M, Tong M-L, Sun Z-G, Ren Y-P, Huang R-B, Zheng L-S (2001) J Chem Soc, Dalton Trans 1888Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Zheng Y-Q, Lin J-L, Kong Z-P (2004) Inorg Chem 43:2590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Lee E, Kim Y, Jung D-Y (2002) Inorg Chem 41:501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Liu T-F, Sun H-L, Gao S, Zhang SW, Lau T-C (2003) Inorg Chem 42:4792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Forster PM, Cheetham AK (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 41:457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Guillou N, Livage C, Drillon M, Férey G (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 42:5314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Guillou N, Livage C, van Beek W, Nogués M, Férey G (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 42:644Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Miyasaka H, Nakata K, Lecren L, Coulon C, Nakasawa Y, Fujisaki T, Sugiura K, Yamashita M, Clérac R (2006) J Am Chem Soc 128:3770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Murugesu M, Wernsdorfer W, Abboud KA, Brechin EK, Christou G (2006) Dalton Trans 2285Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Wittick LM, Murray KS, Moubaraki B, Batten SR, Spiccia L, Berry KJ (2004) Dalton Trans 1003Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Moushi EE, Stamatatos TC, Wernsdorfer W, Nastopoulos V, Christou G, Tasiopoulos AJ (2006) Angew Chem Int Ed 45:7722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Zheng X-J, Jin K-P, Gao S (2004) Inorg Chem 43:1600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Lin WB, Evans OR, Yee GT (2000) J Solid State Chem 152:152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Ovcharenko V, Fursova E, Romanenko G, Ivorskii V (2004) Inorg Chem 43:3332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Chiang R-K, Chuang N-T, Wur C-S, Chong M-F, Lin C-R (2002) J Solid State Chem 166:158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Ma B-Q, Zhang D-S, Gao S, Jin T-Z, Yan C-H, Xu G-X (2000) Angew Chem Int Ed 39:3644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Cheng J-W, Zheng S-T, Liu W, Yang G-Y (2008) CrystEngComm. doi: doi:10.1039/b718902h Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Xiang S, Wu X, Zhang J, Fu R, Hu S, Zhang X (2005) J Am Chem Soc 127:16352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Barthelet K, Riou D, Férey G (2002) Chem Commun 1492Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Chui SS-Y, Lo SM-F, Charmant JPH, Orpen AG, Williams ID (1999) Science 283:1148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Zhang XX, Chui SS-Y, Williams ID (2000) J Appl Phys 87:6007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Moulton B, Lu J, Hajndl R, Hariharan S, Zaworotko MJ (2002) Angew Chem Int Ed 41:2821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Atwood JL (2002) Nat Mater 1:91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Bourne SA, Lu J, Mondal A, Moulton B, Zaworotko MJ (2001) Angew Chem Int Ed 40:11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Srikanth H, Hajndl R, Moulton B, Zaworotko M (2003) J Appl Phys 93:7089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Chen B, Eddaoudi M, Reineke TM, Kampf W, O’Keefe M, Yaghi OM (2000) J Am Chem Soc 122:11559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Cao R, Shi Q, Sun D, Hong M, Bi W, Zhao Y (2002) Inorg Chem 41:6161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Garcia-Terán J-P, Castillo O, Luque A, García-Couceiro U, Román P, Lezama L (2004) Inorg Chem 43:4549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Li Y, Hao N, Lu Y, Wang E, Kang Z, Hu C (2003) Inorg Chem 42:3119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Zheng Y-Q, Lin J-L, Kong J-P (2004) 43:2590Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    Liu Y-H, Tsai H-L, Lu Y-L, Wen Y-S, Wang J-C, Lu K-L (2001) Inorg Chem 40:6426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Choi HJ, Suh MP (1998) J Am Chem Soc 120:10622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Wang X-Y, Sevov SC (2008) Inorg Chem 47:1037 and references cited thereinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Livage C, Guillou N, Marrot J, Férey G (2001) Chem Mater 13:4387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Zhang L-J, Xu J-Q, Shi Z, Zhao X-L, Wang T-G (2003) J Solid State Chem 32:32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Choi HJ, Dinca M, Long JR (2008) J Am Chem Soc. doi: doi:10.121/ja8024092 Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Halder GJ, Kepert CJ, Moubaraki B, Murray KS, Cashion JD (2002) Science 298:1762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Real JA, Andres E, Muñoz MC, Julve M, Granier T, Bousseksou A, Varret F (1995) Science 268:265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Tian YQ, Cai C-X, Ren X-M, Duan C-Y, Xu Y, Gao S, You X-Z (2003) Chem Eur J 9:5673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Masciocchi N, Galli S, Sironi A, Barea E, Navarro JAR, Salas JM, Tabares LC (2003) Chem Mater 15:2153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Barea E, Navarro JAR, Salas JM, Masciocchi N, Galli S, Sironi A (2004) Inorg Chem 43:473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Masciocchi N, Galli S, Sironi A, Cariati E, Galindi MA, Barea E, Romero MA, Salas JM, Navarro JAR, Santoyo-González F (2006) 45:7612Google Scholar
  172. 172.
    Pedireddi VR, Varughese S (2004) Inorg Chem 43:450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Wang X-Y, Wang Z-M, Gao S (2007) Chem Commun 1127Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Habib HA, Sanchiz J, Janiak C (2008) Dalton Trans 1734Google Scholar
  175. 175.
    Wang YL, Yuan D-Q, Bi W-H, Li X, Li X-J, Li F, Cao R (2005) Cryst Growth Des 5:1849CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Zheng Y-Q, Kong Z-P (2003) Anorg Allg Chem 629:1469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Konar S, Corbella M, Zangrado E, Ribas J, Chaudhuri NR (2003) Chem Commun 1424Google Scholar
  178. 178.
    Greve J, Jeß I, Näther C (2003) J Solid State Chem 175:328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Caneschi A, Gatteschi D, Laugier J, Rey P (1987) J Am Chem Soc 109:2191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Roques N, Maspoch D, Luis F, Camón A, Wurst K, Datcu A, Rovira C, Ruiz-Molina D, Veciana J (2008) J Mater Chem 18:98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Ballester M (1985) Acc Chem Res 12:1380Google Scholar
  182. 182.
    Maspoch D, Ruiz-Molina D, Wurst K, Rovira C, Veciana J (2004) Dalton Trans 1073Google Scholar
  183. 183.
    Maspoch D, Domingo N, Ruiz-Molina D, Hernández JM, Lloret F, Tejada J, Rovira C, Veciana J (2007) Inorg Chem 46:1627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Maspoch D, Ruiz-Molina D, Wurst K, Rovira C, Veciana J (2004) Chem Commun 1164Google Scholar
  185. 185.
    Maspoch D, Domingo N, Ruiz-Molina D, Wurst K, Tejada J, Rovira C, Veciana J (2005) Chem Commun 5035Google Scholar
  186. 186.
    Roques N, Maspoch D, Imaz I, Datcu A, Sutter J-P, Rovira C, Veciana J (2008) Chem Commun 3160Google Scholar
  187. 187.
    Kitagawa S, Kondo M (1997) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 36:1725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Kitagawa S, Uemura K (2005) Chem Soc Rev 34:109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Nakatani K, Carriat JY, Journaux Y, Kahn O, Loret F, Renard JP, Pei Y, Sletten J, Verdaguer M (1989) J Am Chem Soc 111:5739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 190.
    Turner S, Kahn O, Rabardel L (1996) J Am Chem Soc 118:6428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    Kahn O, Larionova J, Yakhmi JV (1999) Chem Eur J 5:3343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Larionova J, Chavan SA, Yakhmi JV, Frøystein AG, Sletten J, Sourisseau C, Kahn O (1997) Inorg Chem 36:6374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Maspoch D, Ruiz-Molina D, Veciana J (2004) J Mat Chem 14:2713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Kurmoo M, Kumagai H, Chapman KW, Kepert CJ (2005) Chem Commun 3012Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    Kurmoo M, Kumagai H, Akita-Tanaka M, Inoue K, Takagi S (2006) Inorg Chem 45:1627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Wang Z, Zhang Y, Liu T, Kurmoo M, Gao S (2007) Adv Funct Mater 17:1523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Zhang B, Wang Z, Kurmoo M, Gao S, Inoue K, Kobayashi H (2007) Adv Funct Mater 17:577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. 198.
    Dunbar K, Heintz RA (1997) Prog Inor Chem 45:283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Verdaguer M, Bleuzen A, Marvaud V, Vaisserman J, Seuleima M, Desplanches C, Scuiller A, Train C, Garde R, Gelly G, Lomenech C, Rosenman I, Veillet P, Cartier C, Villain F (1999) Coord Chem Rev 190–192:1023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. 200.
    Larionova J, Kahn O, Golhen S, Ouahab L, Clérac R (1999) J Am Chem Soc 121:3349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Larionova J, Clérac R, Sanchiz J, Kahn O, Golhen S, Ouahab L (1998) 120:13088Google Scholar
  202. 202.
    Yanai N, Kaneko W, Yoneda K, Ohba M, Kitagawa S (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:3496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Ohkoshi SI, Arai KI, Sato Y, Hashimoto K (2004) Nat Mater 3:857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    Milon J, Daniel M-C, Kaiba A, Guionneau P, Brandès S, Sutter J-P (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:13872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Neville SM, Moubaraki B, Murray KS, Kepert CJ (2007) Angew Chem Int Ed 46:2059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Neville SM, Halder GJ, Chapman KW, Duriska MB, Southon PD, Cashion JD, Létard J-F, Moubaraki B, Murray KS, Kepert CJ (2008) J Am Chem Soc 130:2869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. 207.
    Quesada M, De La Peña-O’Shea VA, Aromí G, Geremia S, Massera C, Roubeau O, Gamez P, Reedijk J (2007) Adv Mater 19:1397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Bonhommeau S, Molnár G, Galet A, Zwick A, Real JA, Mc Garvey JJ, Bousseksou A (2005) Angew Chem Int Ed 44:4609Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Niel V, Thompson AL, Muñoz MC, Galet A, Goeta AE, Real JA (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 42:3760CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Fu PF, Khan MA, Nicholas KM (1996) J Organomet Chem 506:49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Gibson DH, Ye M, Sleadd BA, Mehta JM, Mbadike OP, Richardson JF, Mashuta MS (1995) Organometallics 14:1242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Navarro JAR, Barea E, Rodríguez-Diéguez A, Sala JM, Ania CO, Parra JB, Masciocchi N, Galli S, Sironi A (2008) J Am Chem Soc 130:3978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Lin C, Kagan CR (2003) J Am Chem Soc 125:336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Hermes S, Zacher D, Baunemann A, Wöll C, Fischer RA (2007) Chem Mater 19:2168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Shekhah O, Wang H, Strunskus T, Cyganik P, Zacher D, Fischer R, Wöll C (2007) Langmuir 23:7440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. 216.
    Shekhah O, Wang H, Kowarik S, Schreiber F, Paulus M, Tolan M, Sternemann C, Evers F, Zacher D, Fischer RA, Wöll C (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:15118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Kosbar L, Srinivasan C, Afzali A, Graham T, Copel M, Krusin-Elbaum L (2006) Langmuir 22:7631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Cobo S, Molnár G, Real JA, Bousseksou A (2006) Angew Chem Int Ed 45:5786CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Molnár G, Cobo S, Real JA, Carcenac F, Daran E, Vieu C, Bousseksou A (2007) Adv Mater 19:2163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Shekhah O, Roques N, Mugnaini V, Munuera C, Ocal C, Veciana J, Wöll C (2008) Langmuir 24:6640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Lehn J-M (1995) Supramolecular chemistry: concepts and perspectives. VCH, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. 222.
    Leininger S, Olenyuk B, Stang PJ (2000) Chem Rev 100:853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. 223.
    Gianneschi NC, Masar MS III, Mirkin CA (2005) Acc Chem Res 38:825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Ono K, Yoshisawa M, Kato T, Watanabe K, Fujita M (2007) 46:1803Google Scholar
  225. 225.
    Kuehl CJ, Kryschenko YK, Radhakrishnan U, Seidel SR, Huang SD, Stang PJ (2002) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99:4932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. 226.
    Yamanoi Y, Sakamoto Y, Kusukawa T, Fujita M, Sakamoto S, Yamaguchi K (2001) J Am Chem Soc 123:980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 227.
    Fujita M, Oguro D, Miyazawa M, Oka H, Yamaguchi K, Ogura K (1995) 378:469Google Scholar
  228. 228.
    Fujita M, Tominaga M, Hori H, Therrien B (2005) Acc Chem Res 38:371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. 229.
    Russel S, Seidel SR, Stang PJ (2002) Acc Chem Res 35:972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. 230.
    Beer PD, Gale PA (2001) Angew Chem Int Ed 40:486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. 231.
    Lützen A (2005) Angew Chem Int Ed 44:1000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. 232.
    Hof F, Rebek J Jr (2002) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99:4775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Pluth MD, Bergman RG, Raymond KN (2007) Science 316:85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. 234.
    Company A, Roques N, Güell M, Mugnaini V, Gómez L, Imaz I, Datcu A, Solà M, Luis JM, Veciana J, Ribas X, Costas M (2008) Dalton Trans 1769Google Scholar
  235. 235.
    Nakabayashi K, Ozaki Y, Kawano M, Fujita M (2008) Angew Chem Int Ed 47:2046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    Harbuzaru BV, Corma A, Rey F, Atienzar P, Jordá JL, García H, Ananias D, Carlos DL, Rocha J (2008) Angew Chem Int Ed 47:1080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. 237.
    Liepold L, Anderson S, Willits D, Oltrogge L, Frank JA, Douglas T, Young M (2007) Magn Res Med 58:871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. 238.
    Rieter WJ, Taylor KLM, An H, Lin W, Lin W (2006) J Am Chem Soc 128:9024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Chelebaeva E, Guari Y, Larionova J, Trifonov A, Guérin C (2008) Chem Mater 20:1367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. 240.
    Brinzei D, Catala L, Mathonière C, Wernsdorfer W, Gloter A, Stephan O, Mallah T (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:3778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. 241.
    Imaz I, Maspoch D, Rodríguez-Blanco C, Pérez-Falcón JM, Campo J, Ruiz-Molina D (2008) Angew Chem Int Ed 47:1857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Imaz I, Luis F, Carbonera C, Ruiz-Molina D, Maspoch D (2008) Chem Commun 1202Google Scholar
  243. 243.
    Forestier T, Mornet S, Daro N, Nishihara T, Mourib S-I, Tanaka K, Létard J-F (2008) Chem Commun. doi: 10.1039/b806347hGoogle Scholar
  244. 244.
    Volatron F, Catala L, Rivière E, Gloter A, Stéphan O, Mallah T (2008) Inorg Chem. doi: 10.1021/ic800803wGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nans Roques
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Veronica Mugnaini
    • 1
  • Jaume Veciana
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Ciencia de Materials de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), Networking Research Center on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN)Campus Universitari de BellaterraCerdanyolaSpain
  2. 2.LCC (Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination)CNRSToulouseFrance
  3. 3.UPS, INPT ; LCCUniversité de ToulouseToulouseFrance

Personalised recommendations