A Hybrid Approach to Chinese Abbreviation Expansion

  • Guohong Fu
  • Kang-Kuong Luke
  • Min Zhang
  • GuoDong Zhou
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4285)


This paper presents a hybrid approach to Chinese abbreviation expansion. In this study, each short-form in Chinese text is assumed to be created by the method of reduction and the method of elimination or generalization, respectively. A mapping table between short words and long words and a dictionary of non-reduced short-form/full-form pairs are thus applied to generate the respective expansion candidates. Then, a hidden Markov model (HMM) based disambiguation is employed to rank these candidates and select a proper expansion for each ambiguous abbreviation. In order to improve expansion accuracy, some linguistic knowledge like discourse information and abbreviation patterns are further employed to double-check the expanded results and revise some error expansions if any. The proposed approach was evaluated on an abbreviation-expanded corpus built from the Peking University Corpus. The results showed that a recall of 83.8% and a precision of 86.3% can be achieved on average for different types of Chinese abbreviations.


Chinese abbreviation expansion hidden Markov models (HMMs) abbreviation disambiguation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guohong Fu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kang-Kuong Luke
    • 2
  • Min Zhang
    • 3
  • GuoDong Zhou
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Dept of Chinese, Translation and LinguisticsCity University of Hong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.Department of LinguisticsThe University of Hong KongHong Kong
  3. 3.Institute for Infocomm ResearchSingapore
  4. 4.School of Computer Science and TechnologySuzhou UniversityChina

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