A Legal Ontology to Support Privacy Preservation in Location-Based Services

  • Hugo A. Mitre
  • Ana Isabel González-Tablas
  • Benjamín Ramos
  • Arturo Ribagorda
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4278)


During the last years many laws have been promulgated in diverse countries to protect citizens’ privacy. This fact is due to the increase of privacy threats caused by the tendency of using information technologies in all scopes. Location Based Services (LBS) compose a situation where this privacy can be harmed. Even there exist mechanisms to protect this right in LBS, generally this services have not been developed over regulatory norms or if so, it has been in a partial way or interpreting those norms in a particular form. This situation could be a consequence of the lack of a common knowledge base representing the actual legislation in matters of privacy. In this paper an ontology of the main Spanish privacy norm is presented as well as the method used to construct it. The ontology is specifically aimed and applied to the preservation of privacy in LBS.


Ontology regulation privacy location-based services 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Giaglis, G.M., Kourouthanassis, P., Tsamakos, A.: Towards a Clasification Framework for mobile location services, pp. 67–85. Idea Group Publishing, USAGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    González-Tablas Ferreres, A.I.: Arquitectura de servicios de acreditación y sellado espacio-temporal. PhD thesis, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Langheinrich, M.: A privacy awareness system for ubiquitouscomputing environments. In: Borriello, G., Holmquist, L.E. (eds.) UbiComp 2002. LNCS, vol. 2498, pp. 237–245. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hauser, C., Kabatnik, M.: Towards privacy support in a global location service. In: The proceedings of the IFIP Workshop on IP and ATM Traffic Management (WATM/EUNICE 2001) (2001)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Beresford, A.R., Stajano, F.: Location privacy in pervasive computing. IEEE Pervasive Computing (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gruteser, M., Grunwald, D.: Anonymous usage of location-based services through spatial and temporal cloaking. In: The Proceedings of ACM/USENIX International conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services (MobiSys) (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gozález-Tablas, A.I., Salas, L.M., Ramos, B., Ribagorda, A.: Providing personalization and automation to spatial- temporal stamping services. In: The Proceedings of the 16th Internacional Workshop on Database and Expert Systems Applications (DEXA 2005) (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Snekkenes, E.: Concepts for personal location privacy policies. In: The proceedings of the 3rd ACM conference on Electronic Commerce. ACM Press, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hengarther, U., Steenkiste, P.: Implementing access control to people location information. In: The Proceedings of the Ninth ACM Symposium on Access Control Models and Technologies (SACMET 2004) (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Myles, G., Friday, A., Davies, N.: Preserving privacy in enviroments with location-based applications. Pervasive Computing (2003)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gajparia, A., Mitchell, C.J., Yeun, C.Y.: Information Preference Authority: Suppoting user privacy in location based services. In: The proceedings of the 9th Nordic Workshop on Secure IT-Systems (NordSec 2004) (2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Despres, S., Szulman, S.: Construction of a legal Ontology from a European Community Legislative Tex. In: Gordon, T. (ed.) Legal Knowñedge and Information Systems. Jurix 2004: The Seventeenth Annual Conference, pp. 79–88. IOS Press, Amsterdam (2004)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ley Orgánica 15/1999, de 13 de diciembre, de Protección de Datos de Carácter PersonalGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Minch, R.P.: Privacy Issues in Location-Aware Mobile Devices. In: Proceedings of the 37th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Breuker, J., Winkels, R.: Use and reuse of legal ontologies in knowledge engineering and information management. In: ICAIL 2003 Workshop on Legal Ontologies & Web Based Legal Information Management (April 2003)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Breuker, J.: Constructing a legal core ontology: LRI-Core. University of Amsterdam (2004)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Breuker, J., Elhag, A., Petkov, E., Winkels, R.: IT Support for the Judiciary: Use of Ontologies in the e-Court Project (2002)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Boer, Hoekstra, R., Winkels, R., van Engers, T.: METAlex: Jurisdiction and Language. In: Palmirani, M., van Engers, T., Wimmer, M.A. (eds.) Proceedings of the E-Government Workshop in conjunction with JURIX 2003, Universitätsverlag Rudolf Trauner, December 2003, pp. 54–66 (2003)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    European Union (EU) Data Protection Directive of 1995, Rebecca Herold, CISM, CISSP, CISA, FLMI (May 2002)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Japanese Personal Information Protection Law, Tokyo Aoyama Aoki Law Office,Baker & McKenzie, Attorney at Foreign Law Office, Registered Associated Offices, June 17 (2004)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    OWL Web Ontology Language Overview. W3C Recommendation (February 10, 2004)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Breuker, J., Hoekstra, R.: DIRECT: Ontology-based Discovery of Responsibility and Causability in Legal Case Descriptions. In: Gordon, T. (ed.) Legal knowledge and Information Systems. Jurix 2004: The Seventeenth Annual Conference, pp. 59–68. IOS Press, Amsterdan (2004)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Welty, C., Guarino, N.: Supporting Ontological Analysis of Taxonomic Relationships. Data and Knowledge Engineering, Également : LADSEB-CNR Int. Rep. 08/2001 (2001) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugo A. Mitre
    • 1
  • Ana Isabel González-Tablas
    • 1
  • Benjamín Ramos
    • 1
  • Arturo Ribagorda
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentCarlos III Technical University of MadridLeganes, Madrid

Personalised recommendations