An Exploratory Study of the Relationship Between Learning Styles and Cognitive Traits
To provide personalization and adaptivity in technology enhanced learning systems, the needs of learners have to be known by the system first. Detecting these needs is a challenging task and therefore, mechanisms that support this task are beneficial. This paper discusses the relationship between learning styles, in particular the Felder-Silverman learning style model, and working memory capacity, a cognitive trait. Due to this relationship, additional information about the learner is available and can be used to improve the student model. An exploratory study is presented to verify the identified relationship based on the literature. The results of the study show that the identified relationship between working memory capacity and two of the four dimensions of the learning style model is significantly supported. For the two remaining dimensions further research is required.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Baddeley, A.D.: Working Memory. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1986)Google Scholar
- 2.Brusilovsky, P.: The Construction and Application of Student Models in Intelligent Tutoring Systems. Journal of computer and systems sciences international 32(1), 70–89 (1994)Google Scholar
- 4.De Neys, W., d’Ydewalle, G., Schaeken, W., Vos, G.: A Dutch, computerized, and group administrable adaptation of the operation span test. Psychologica Belgica 42, 177–190 (2002)Google Scholar
- 5.Felder, R.M., Silverman, L.K.: Learning and Teaching Styles in Engineering Education. Engineering Education 78(7), 674–681 (1988)Google Scholar
- 6.Felder, R.M., Soloman, B.A.: Index of Learning Styles Questionnaire, Online version (1997) (retrieved May 6, 2006), from http://www.engr.ncsu.edu/learningstyles/ilsweb.html
- 7.Graf, S., Lin, T.: Kinshuk: Improving Student Modeling: The Relationship between Learning Styles and Cognitive Traits. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age, Portugal, pp. 37–44 (2005)Google Scholar
- 8.Lin, T., Kinshuk, Patel, A.: Cognitive Trait Model - A Supplement to Performance Based Student Models. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Computers in Education, Hong Kong, pp. 629–632 (2003)Google Scholar
- 10.Richards-Ward, L.A.: Investigating the relationship between two approaches to verbal information processing in working memory: An examination of the construct of working memory coupled with an investigation of meta-working memory, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand (1996) Google Scholar