Towards a Common Framework for Multimodal Generation: The Behavior Markup Language

  • Stefan Kopp
  • Brigitte Krenn
  • Stacy Marsella
  • Andrew N. Marshall
  • Catherine Pelachaud
  • Hannes Pirker
  • Kristinn R. Thórisson
  • Hannes Vilhjálmsson
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4133)

Abstract

This paper describes an international effort to unify a multimodal behavior generation framework for Embodied Conversational Agents (ECAs). We propose a three stage model we call SAIBA where the stages represent intent planning, behavior planning and behavior realization. A Function Markup Language (FML), describing intent without referring to physical behavior, mediates between the first two stages and a Behavior Markup Language (BML) describing desired physical realization, mediates between the last two stages. In this paper we will focus on BML. The hope is that this abstraction and modularization will help ECA researchers pool their resources to build more sophisticated virtual humans.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Kopp
    • 1
  • Brigitte Krenn
    • 2
  • Stacy Marsella
    • 4
  • Andrew N. Marshall
    • 4
  • Catherine Pelachaud
    • 3
  • Hannes Pirker
    • 2
  • Kristinn R. Thórisson
    • 5
  • Hannes Vilhjálmsson
    • 4
  1. 1.Artificial .Intelligence GroupUniversity of BielefeldGermany
  2. 2.Austrian Research Institute for AI (OFAI)ViennaAustria
  3. 3.IUT de MontreuilUniversity de Paris 8France
  4. 4.Information Sciences InstituteUniversity of Southern CaliforniaUSA
  5. 5.CADIA, Dept. Of Computer ScienceReykjavik UniversityIceland

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