Non Visual Haptic Audio Tools for Virtual Environments

  • Charlotte Magnusson
  • Henrik Danielsson
  • Kirsten Rassmus-Gröhn
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4129)


This paper reports the results of a test involving twelve users of different haptic audio navigational tools for non-visual virtual environments. Analysis of the test results confirms the usefulness of a constant attractive force as well as of haptic fixtures to help users locate objects in a virtual environment. The 3D audio turned out to be less useful due to the design of the environment. However, user comments indicate that this type of sound feedback helps spatial understanding. Contrary to expectations, no significant tool effects were seen on spatial memory.


Virtual Environment Spatial Memory Attractive Force Haptic Feedback Object Position 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charlotte Magnusson
    • 1
  • Henrik Danielsson
    • 2
  • Kirsten Rassmus-Gröhn
    • 1
  1. 1.Certec, Division of Rehabilitation Engineering Research, Department of Design SciencesLund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.Department of Behavioural SciencesLinköpings universitetLinköpingSweden

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