Deduction with Euler Circles: Diagrams That Hurt

  • Dustin P. Calvillo
  • Krista DeLeeuw
  • Russell Revlin
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4045)


Two studies evaluated the effectiveness of Euler circles in aiding participants in drawing conclusions to deductive reasoning problems. The problems were the ones that typically cause reasoners the most difficulty because their prior beliefs about conclusions interfere with their judgments of deductive validity. The use Euler circles reliably contributed to reasoners’ inability to solve the problems. This pattern was shown for both young, university students and elderly retired people.


Reasoning Accuracy Spatial Ability Deductive Reasoning Reasoning Problem Syllogistic Reasoning 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dustin P. Calvillo
    • 1
  • Krista DeLeeuw
    • 1
  • Russell Revlin
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

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