Finnish Optimality-Theoretic Prosody

  • Lauri Karttunen
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4002)

Abstract

A well-known phenomenon in Finnish prosody is the alternation of binary and ternary feet. In native Finnish words, the primary stress falls on the first syllable. Secondary stress generally falls on every second syllable: (vói.mis).(tè.li).(jòi.ta) ’gymnasts’ creating a sequence of trochaic binary feet. However, secondary stress skips a light syllable that is followed by a heavy syllable. In (vói.mis.te).(lèm.me) ’we are doing gymnastics’, the first foot is ternary, a dactyl.

References

  1. 1.
    Beesley, K.R., Karttunen, L.: Finite State Morphology. CSLI Studies in Computational Linguistics. CSLI Publications, Stanford (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Elenbaas, N.: A unified account of binary and ternary stress: considerations from Sentani and Finnish. PhD thesis, Utrecht University, the Netherlands (1999)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Frank, R., Satta, G.: Optimality theory and the generative complexity of constraint violability. Computational Linguistics 24, 307–315 (1998)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kiparsky, P.: Finnish noun inflection. In: Nelson, D., Manninen, S. (eds.) Generative Approaches to Finnic Linguistics. CSLI Publications, Stanford (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Prince, A., Smolensky, P.: Optimality theory: Constraint interaction in generative grammar. Technical Report RuCCS TR-2, Rutgers University Center for Cognitive Science, New Brunswick, NJ (1993)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lauri Karttunen
    • 1
  1. 1.Palo Alto Research CenterStanford UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations