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Algorithms for Minimum Risk Chunking

  • Martin Jansche
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4002)

Abstract

Stochastic finite automata are useful for identifying substrings (chunks) within larger units of text. Relevant applications include tokenization, base-NP chunking, named entity recognition, and other information extraction tasks. For a given input string, a stochastic automaton represents a probability distribution over strings of labels encoding the location of chunks. For chunking and extraction tasks, the quality of predictions is evaluated in terms of precision and recall of the chunked/extracted phrases when compared against some gold standard. However, traditional methods for estimating the parameters of a stochastic finite automaton and for decoding the best hypothesis do not pay attention to the evaluation criterion, which we take to be the well-known F-measure. We are interested in methods that remedy this situation, both in training and decoding. Our main result is a novel algorithm for efficiently evaluating expected F-measure. We present the algorithm and discuss its applications for utility/ risk-based parameter estimation and decoding.

Keywords

Noun Phrase Natural Language Processing Entity Recognition Label Sequence Empirical Risk Minimization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Jansche
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Computational Learning SystemsColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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