Detection of Assessment Patterns in Ordinary Triadic Conversation

  • Katsuya Takanashi
  • Eiki Fujimoto
  • Yasuyuki Kono
  • Kazuhiro Takeuchi
  • Hitoshi Isahara
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4012)

Abstract

Recent interests in conversation in the field of artificial intelligence have expanded beyond the development of particular task-oriented dialogue systems toward technologies for supporting human-human communication in various circumstances. Within such communication supportive approaches, the importance of the analysis of multiparty conversation has increasingly been recognized. In accordance with these orientations, this article outlines a three-party conversation corpus built by the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, and introduces three preliminary analyses of it that will contribute to the development of Conversational Informatics: The characteriscits of turn-taking procedure in three-person conversation; assessment sequential patterns that appeared in the data; and shared knowledge and interpersonal relationships between participants observable from the assessment sequences in triadic conversation.

Keywords

Triad Arena Univer Hate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Archer, D.: How to Expand Your S.I.Q. M. Evans and Company, Inc (1980)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    International Workshop on Conversational Informatics, http://www.ii.ist.i.kyoto-u.ac.jp/jsai2005ws/
  3. 3.
    Clark, H.H., Carlson, T.B.: Hearers and speech acts. Language 58, 332–373 (1982), Also in: Clark, H. H.: Arenas of Language Use. pp. 205–247, University of Chicago Press & Center for the Study of Language & Information (1992)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Daibo, I., Goto, M., Miyagi, H.: The perceived relationship between the conversation style and the nonverbal cues in a triadic conversation. In: 28th International Congress of Psychology (ICP2004) (2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Den, Y.: Towards a Science of Conversation. Technical Report of the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers (in Japanese) (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Enomoto, M.: An analysis of nonverbal behavior affecting participation-role taking. JSAI SIG-SLUD-A301-02, pp. 25–30 (in Japanese) (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goffman, E.: Forms of Talk. University of Pennsylvania Press (1981)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Heritage, J., Raymond, G.: The terms of agreement: Indexing epistemic authority and subordination in assessment sequences. Social Psychology Quarterly 68, 15–38 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Isbister, K., Nakanishi, H., Ishida, T., Nass, C.: Helper agent: Designing an assistant for human-human interaction in a virtual meeting space. In: International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI2000), pp. 57–64 (2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Iso, Y., Kimura, M., Sakuragi, A., Daibo, I.: The effects of nonverbal behaviors on impression formation and rapport in a triadic communication. In: 28th International Congress of Psychology (ICP2004) (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kamio, A.: Territory of Information. John Benjamins (1997)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Katagiri, Y., Bono, M., Suzuki, N.: Conversational inverse information for context-based retrieval of person experiences. In: Proceeginds of JSAI 2005 Workshop on Conversational Informatics (in conjunction with the 19th Anual conference of the Japanese Society for Artificial intelligence, 2005), pp. 1–6 (2005)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kiesler, S., Siegel, J., McGuire, T.: Social psychological aspects of computer-mediated communication. American Psychologist 39, 1123–1134 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lerner, G.H.: Selecting next speaker: The context -sensitive operation of a context-free organization. Language in Society 32, 177–201 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Matsusaka, Y., Tojo, T., Kobayashi, T.: Conversation robot participating in group conversation. IEICE Transaction of Information and System E86-D, 1, 26–36 (2003)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    McTear, M.F.: Spoken Dialogue Technology: Towards the Conversational User Interface. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nakanishi, H., Nakazawa, S., Ishida, T., Takanashi, K., Isbister, K.: Can software agents influence human relations?: Balance theory in agent-mediated communities. In: International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS2003), pp. 717–724 (2003)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pomeranz, A.: Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: Some features of preferred / dispreferred turn shapes. In: Atkinson, J.M., Heritage, J. (eds.) Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis, pp. 57–101. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1984)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Psathas, G.: Conversation Analysis: The Study of Talk-in-Interaction. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks (1995)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sacks, H., Schegloff, E.A., Jefferson, G.: A simplest systematics for organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50(4), 696–735 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schegloff, E.A.: Sequencing in conversational openings. American Anthropologist 70(6), 1075–1095 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Shedroff, N.: Information interaction design: A unified field theory of design. In: Jacobson, R.E. (ed.) Information Design, MIT Press, Cambridge (1999)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sumi, Y., Ito, S., Matsuguchi, T., Fels, S., Mase, K.: Collaborative capturing and interpretation of interactions. In: Proceedings of Pervasive 2004 Workshop on Memory and Sharing of Experiences (2004)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
    Winograd, T., Flores, F.: Understanding Computers and Cognition: A New Foundation for Design. Ablex Publishing, Greenwich (1986)MATHGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wurman, R.S.: Information Anxiety 2. Que Corporation (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katsuya Takanashi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eiki Fujimoto
    • 3
  • Yasuyuki Kono
    • 3
  • Kazuhiro Takeuchi
    • 4
  • Hitoshi Isahara
    • 4
  1. 1.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.The University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Nara Institute of Science and TechnologyIkoma CityJapan
  4. 4.National Institute of Information and Communications TechnologyKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations