Efficient Algorithms for Regular Expression Constrained Sequence Alignment
Imposing constraints is an effective means to incorporate biological knowledge into alignment procedures. As in the PROSITE database, functional sites of proteins can be effectively described as regular expressions. In an alignment of protein sequences it is natural to expect that functional motifs should be aligned together. Due to this motivation, in CPM 2005 Arslan introduced the regular expression constrained sequence alignment problem and proposed an algorithm which can take time and space up to O(|Σ|2 |V|4 n 2) and O(|Σ|2 |V|4 n), respectively, where Σ is the alphabet, n is the sequence length, and V is the set of states in an automaton equivalent to the input regular expression. In this paper we propose a more efficient algorithm solving this problem which takes O(|V|3 n 2) time and O(|V|2 n) space in the worst case. If |V|=O(logn) we propose another algorithm with time complexity O(|V|2log|V| n 2). The time complexity of our algorithms is independent of Σ, which is desirable in protein applications where the formulation of this problem originates; a factor of |Σ|2 = 400 in the time complexity of the previously proposed algorithm would significantly affect the efficiency in practice.
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