Raising Confidence Levels Using Motivational Contingency Design Techniques

  • Declan Kelly
  • Stephan Weibelzahl
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4053)


Motivation plays a key role in learning and teaching, in particular in technology enhanced learning environments. According to motivational theories, proper contingency design is an important prerequisite to motivate learners. In this paper, we demonstrate how confidence levels in an adaptive educational system can be raised using a contingency design technique. Learners that saw parts of a complete picture depending on their performance were more confident to solve the next task than learners who did not. Results suggest that it is possible to raise confidence levels of learners through appropriate contingency design and thus to automatically adapt to their motivational states.


Confidence Level Intrinsic Motivation Motivational State Intelligent Tutor System Picture Strategy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Declan Kelly
    • 1
  • Stephan Weibelzahl
    • 1
  1. 1.National College of IrelandIreland

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