Towards Building a Semantic Grid for E-Learning

  • Wenya Tian
  • Huajun Chen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4025)


In an E-learning scenario, educational resources, such as course documents, videos, test-bases, courseware, and teacher information etc., are shared across different schools. DartGrid is built upon several techniques from both Semantic Web and Grid research areas, and is intended to offer a semantic grid toolkit for data integration. In this paper, a Semantic Grid for E-leaning based on DartGrid is introduced, and it provides a Semantic-based distributed infrastructure for E-learning resource sharing. We explore the essential and fundamental roles played by RDF semantics for e-learning, and implement a set of semantically enabled tools and grid services for E-learning such as semantic browser, ontology service, semantic query service, and semantic registration service.


Resource Description Framework Grid Service Semantic Query Globus Toolkit Ontology Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Foster, I., Kesselman, C.: The Grid, Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco (1998)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang, J., Li, X.: The Model, Architecture and Mechanism Behind Realcourse. In: Cao, J., et al. (eds.) ISPA 2004. LNCS, vol. 3358, pp. 615–624. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Zhuge, H.: Semantic Grid: Scientific Issues, Infrastructure, and Methodology. Communication of the ACM 48(4), 197 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., Lassila, O.: Semantic Web. Sci. Am. 284(5), 34–43 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hendler, J.: Agents and the semantic web. IEEE Intell. Syst. 16(2), 30–37 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    de Roure, D., Jennings, N.R., Shadbolt, N.: The Semantic Grid: A future eScience infrastructure. Int. J. of Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience 15(11) (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mao, Y., Wu, Z., Chen, H.: Semantic Browser: an Intelligent Client for Dart-Grid. In: Bubak, M., et al. (eds.) ICCS 2004. LNCS, vol. 3036, pp. 470–473. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li, M., van Santen, P., Walker, D.W., Rana, O.F., Baker, M.A.: SGrid: a service-oriented model for the Semantic Grid. Future Generation Computer Systems 20, 7–18 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stojanovic, L., Staab, S., Studer, R.: E-learning based on the semantic web. In: WebNet 2001 - World Conference on the WWW and Internet, Orlando, Florida, USA (2001)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang, L., Braden, B., Estrin, D., Herzog, S., Jamin, S.: RSVP: A new Resource ReSerVation Protocol. In: IEEE Network, pp. 8–18 (1993)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Brase, J., Nejdl, W.: Ontologies and Metadata for eLearning, pp. 579–598. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Coulouris, G., Dollimore, J., Kindberg, T.: Distributed System Concepts and Design (Third version). China Machine Press, Beijing (ISBN 7-111-11749-2) Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Birman, K.P.: The process group approach to reliable distributed computing. Comms. ACM 36(12), 36–53 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chen, H., Wu, Z., Zheng, G., Mao, Y.: DartGrid: a Semantic-based Approach for Data Integration Using Grid as the PlatformGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bizer, C., Seaborne, A.: D2RQ -Treating Non-RDF Databases as Virtual RDF Graphs. In: McIlraith, S.A., Plexousakis, D., van Harmelen, F. (eds.) ISWC 2004. LNCS, vol. 3298. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Staab, R.S.S., Schnurr, H.-P., Sure, Y.: Knowledge processes and ontologies. IEEE Intelligent Systems 16(1) (2001)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    China ELearning Technology Standardization Committee. Education Informationize Technology Standard,
  19. 19.
    Foster, I., Kesselman, C.: A Toolkit-Based Grid Architecture. In: Foster, I., Kesselman, C. (eds.) The Grid: Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure, pp. 259–278. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco (1999)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
    Czajkowski, K., Fitzgerald, S., Foster, I., Kesselman, C.: Grid Information Services for Distributed Resource Sharing. In: 10th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, pp. 181–184. IEEE Press, Los Alamitos (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Czajkowski, K., Foster, I., Karonis, N., Kesselman, C., Martin, S., Smith, W., Tuecke, S.: A Resource Management Architecture for Metacomputing Systems. In: Feitelson, D.G., Rudolph, L. (eds.) IPPS-WS 1998, SPDP-WS 1998, and JSSPP 1998. LNCS, vol. 1459, pp. 62–82. Springer, Heidelberg (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Raman, S., McCanne, S.: A Model, Analysis, and Protocol Framework for Soft State-based Communication. Computer Communication Review 29(4) (1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenya Tian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Huajun Chen
    • 2
  1. 1.Information Technology DepartmentZhejiang Economic & Trade PolytechnicHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Grid Computing Lab, College of Computer ScienceZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations