Studying Aesthetics in Photographic Images Using a Computational Approach
Aesthetics, in the world of art and photography, refers to the principles of the nature and appreciation of beauty. Judging beauty and other aesthetic qualities of photographs is a highly subjective task. Hence, there is no unanimously agreed standard for measuring aesthetic value. In spite of the lack of firm rules, certain features in photographic images are believed, by many, to please humans more than certain others. In this paper, we treat the challenge of automatically inferring aesthetic quality of pictures using their visual content as a machine learning problem, with a peer-rated online photo sharing Website as data source. We extract certain visual features based on the intuition that they can discriminate between aesthetically pleasing and displeasing images. Automated classifiers are built using support vector machines and classification trees. Linear regression on polynomial terms of the features is also applied to infer numerical aesthetics ratings. The work attempts to explore the relationship between emotions which pictures arouse in people, and their low-level content. Potential applications include content-based image retrieval and digital photography.
KeywordsSupport Vector Machine Visual Feature Image Retrieval Photographic Image Aesthetic Quality
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Airlines.Net, http://www.airliners.net
- 2.Arnheim, R.: Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye. University of California Press, Berkeley (1974)Google Scholar
- 3.ARTStor.org, http://www.artstor.org
- 8.Breiman, L., Friedman, J.H., Olshen, R.A., Stone, C.J.: Classification and Regression Trees, Wadsworth, Belmont, CA (1983)Google Scholar
- 9.Chang, C.-c., Lin, C.-j.: LIBSVM: A Library for SVM (2001), http://www.csie.ntu.edu.tw/~cjlin/libsvm
- 11.Flickr, http://www.flickr.com
- 15.Photo.Net, http://www.photo.net
- 16.Photo.NetRatingSystem, http://photo.net/gallery/photocritique/standards
- 19.Therneau, T.M., Atkinson, E.J.: An Introduction to Recursive Partitioning Using RPART Routines. Technical Report, Mayo Foundation (1997)Google Scholar