Geospatial Semantic Web: Architecture of Ontologies

  • Dave Kolas
  • John Hebeler
  • Mike Dean
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3799)


An effective ontology architecture enables the development of a geospatial semantic system that forges multiple geospatial data sources into a powerful cross-discipline knowledge source. This paper suggests types of ontologies that could support a geospatial semantic system. Motivations of each of the ontology types will be expounded, as well as potential areas for standardization by the geospatial community. Finally, the use of this approach within the OGC GSW Interoperability Experiment will be discussed.


Domain Ontology Service Description Open Geospatial Consortium Geography Markup Language Ontology Type 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. [AIXM]
    Aeronautical Information Exchange Model,
  2. [GML]
    Cox, S., Daisey, P., Lake, R., Portele, C., Whiteside, A. (eds.): OpenGIS Geography Markup Language (GML) Implementation Specification, Version 3.0. Open Geospatial Consortium (01/29/2003),, (2003)
  3. [DAFIF]
    Digital Aeronautical Flight Information File,
  4. [SWRL]
    Horrocks, I., Patel-Schneider, P.F., Boley, H., Tabet, S., Grosof, B., Dean, M.: SWRL: A Semantic Web Rule Language Combining OWL and RuleML. W3C Member Submission (05/21/2004),
  5. [ISO 19100]
    ISO/TC 211 Geographic Information/Geomatics,
  6. [GSW IE]
    Lieberman, J., et al.: Geospatial Semantic Web Interoperability Experiment. Open Geospatial Consortium.,
  7. [OWL-S]
    Martin, D., et al.: OWL-S: Semantic Markup for Web Services. W3C Member Submission (11/22/2004),
  8. [OWL]
    McGuinness, D.L., van Harmelen, F. (eds.): OWL Web Ontology Language Overview. W3C Recommendation (02/10/2004),
  9. [SPARQL]
    Prud’hommeaux, E., Seaborne, A. (eds.): SPARQL Query Language for RDF. W3C Working Draft (04/19/2005),
  10. [Filter Encoding]
    Vretanos, P. (ed.): Filter Encoding Implementation Specification, Version 1.1. Open Geospatial Consortium 05/03/2005,
  11. [WFS]
    Vretanos, P. (ed.): Web Feature Service Implementation Specification, Version 1.1. Open Geospatial Consortium (05/03/2005),

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dave Kolas
    • 1
  • John Hebeler
    • 1
  • Mike Dean
    • 1
  1. 1.BBN TechnologiesArlingtonUSA

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