Free-Hand Stroke Based NURBS Surface for Sketching and Deforming 3D Contents

  • Jung-hoon Kwon
  • Han-wool Choi
  • Jeong-in Lee
  • Young-Ho Chai
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3767)


This research is to make a series of NURBS surfaces for the virtual 3D conceptual design and the styling process by applying arbitrary free-hand strokes. The surface can be modified in real-time calligraphic stroke based free form deformation. The suggested algorithm is used to create 3D NURBS surfaces for styling object using free-hand strokes with the posture information of the input wand. The algorithm presented in this paper can help product designers in the conceptual engineering stage, even if he or she has no idea about the shape of a target product.


Section Curve NURBS Curve NURBS Surface Target Curve NURBS Basis Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Sachs, E., Roberts, A., Stoops, D.: 3-Draw: A Tool for Designing 3D Shapes. IEEE computer Graphics & Applications 11(6), 18–26 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wesche, G., Seidel, H.: FreeDrawer - A Free-Form Sketching System on the Responsive Workbench. In: Proceedings of VRST 2001, Banff, Alberta, Canada, pp. 167–174 (2001)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schkolne, S., Pruett, M., Schroder, P.: Surface Drawing: Creating Organic 3D Shapes with the Hand and Tangible Tools. In: Proceedings of SIGCHI 2001, pp. 261–268. ACM Press, Seattle (2001)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Deering, M.F.: HoloSketch: A Virtual Reality Sketching/ Animation Tool. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction 2(3), 220–238 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ugail, H., Bloor, M., Wilson, M.: Techniques for Interactive Design Using the PDE Method. ACM Transactions on Graphics 18(2), 195–212 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sederberg, T.S., Parry, S.R.: Free-Form Deformation of Solid Geometric Models. In: Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1986, Computer Graphics, vol. 20(4), pp. 151–160 (1986)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Coquillart, S.: Extended Free-Form Deformation: A Sculpturing Tool for 3D Geometric Modeling. In: Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1990, Computer Graphics, pp. 187–196 (1990)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    MacCracken, R., Joy, K.I.: Free-Form Deformations with Lattices of Arbitrary Topology. In: Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1996, Computer Graphics, pp. 181–188 (1996)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hsu, W.M., Hughes, J.F., Kaufman, H.: Direct Manipulation of Free-Form Deformations. In: Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 1992, Computer Graphics, vol. 26(2), pp. 177–184 (1992)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Borrel, P.: Simple Constrained Deformation for Geometric Modeling and interactive Design. ACM Transaction on Graphics (TOG) 13(2), 137–155 (1994)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Piegl, L., Tiller, W.: The NURBS books, 2nd edn. Springer, Heidelberg (1997)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang, X.: Geometric Trimming and Curvature Continuous Surface Blending for Aircraft Fuselage and Wing Shapes, M.S. Thesis, Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zheng, J.M., Chan, K.W., Gibson, I.: Surface Feature Constraint Deformation for Free-form Surface and Interactive Design. In: Proceedings of ACM Symposium on Solid Modeling and Application (1999)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Janis, P.Y., Wong, R., Lau, W.H., Ma, L.: Virtual 3D Sculpting. Journal of Visualization and Computer Animation 11(3), 155–166 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cheung, K.L., Lau, W.H., Li, W.B.: Incremental Rendering of Deformable Trimmed NURBS Surfaces. In: Proceedings of ACM VRST (2003)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Biermanny, H., Martinz, I., Bernardiniz, F., Zoriny, D.: Cut-and-Paste Editing of Multi-resolution Surfaces. In: Proceedings of Computer Graphics and Interactive techniques (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jung-hoon Kwon
    • 1
  • Han-wool Choi
    • 1
  • Jeong-in Lee
    • 1
  • Young-Ho Chai
    • 1
  1. 1.Chung-Ang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations