Fusion of Local and Regional Approaches for On-Line Signature Verification

  • Julian Fierrez-Aguilar
  • Stephen Krawczyk
  • Javier Ortega-Garcia
  • Anil K. Jain
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3781)


Function-based methods for on-line signature verification are studied. These methods are classified into local and regional depending on the features used for matching. One representative method of each class is selected from the literature. The selected local and regional methods are based on Dynamic Time Warping and Hidden Markov Models, respectively. Some improvements are presented for the local method aimed at strengthening the performance against skilled forgeries. The two methods are compared following the protocol defined in the Signature Verification Competition 2004. Fusion results are also provided demonstrating the complementary nature of these two approaches.


Hide Markov Model Regional Approach Dynamic Time Warping Training Signature False Acceptance Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julian Fierrez-Aguilar
    • 1
  • Stephen Krawczyk
    • 2
    • 3
  • Javier Ortega-Garcia
    • 1
  • Anil K. Jain
    • 2
  1. 1.ATVS, Escuela Politecnica SuperiorUniversidad Autonoma de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Information Technology DivisionNaval Research LaboratoryWashington, DCUSA

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