3D Needle-Tissue Interaction Simulation for Prostate Brachytherapy
This paper presents a needle-tissue interaction model that is a 3D extension of a prior work based on the finite element method. The model is also adapted to accommodate arbitrary meshes so that the anatomy can effectively be meshed using third-party algorithms. Using this model a prostate brachytherapy simulator is designed to help medical residents acquire needle steering skills. This simulation uses a prostate mesh generated from clinical data segmented as contours on parallel slices. Node repositioning and addition, which are methods for achieving needle-tissue coupling, are discussed. In order to achieve real-time haptic rates, computational approaches to these methods are compared. Specifically, the benefit of using the Woodbury formula (matrix inversion lemma) is studied. Our simulation of needle insertion into a prostate is shown to run faster than 1 kHz.
KeywordsNeedle Insertion Prostate Brachytherapy Contact Node Needle Shaft Matrix Inversion Lemma
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