The Focus-Metaphor Approach: A Novel Concept for the Design of Adaptive and User-Centric Interfaces

  • Sven Laqua
  • Paul Brna
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3585)


The Focus-Metaphor Approach is a novel concept for the design of adaptive and user-centric virtual environments which seeks to use a form of associativity to adapt the interface to the user whilst keeping one primary focus element and many secondary and peripheral focus elements. In this paper, the underlying theory is presented and differentiated from related research. The proposed solution has been implemented as a prototype and tested for usability issues using an online evaluation and in-laboratory eye-tracking to find some evidence that time spent off-communication is reduced. The results are reported briefly, implications considered and the areas for further work are pointed out.


Test User Focus Element Attention Analysis Online Evaluation Secondary Focus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sven Laqua
    • 1
  • Paul Brna
    • 2
  1. 1.Northumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneEngland
  2. 2.University of GlasgowUK

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