BPCS-Steganography – Principle and Applications

  • Eiji Kawaguchi
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/11554028_41

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3684)
Cite this paper as:
Kawaguchi E. (2005) BPCS-Steganography – Principle and Applications. In: Khosla R., Howlett R.J., Jain L.C. (eds) Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems. KES 2005. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 3684. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg


The abstract should summarize the contents of the paper and should Steganography is a technique to hide secret information in some other data (we call it a vessel) without leaving any apparent evidence of data alteration. All of the traditional steganographic techniques have limited information-hiding capacity. This is because the principle of those techniques was either to replace a special part of the frequency components of the vessel image, or to replace all the least significant bits of a multi-valued image with the secret information. Our new steganography uses an image as the vessel data, and we embed secret information in the bit-planes of the vessel. This technique makes use of the characteristics of the human vision system whereby a human cannot perceive any shape information in a very complicated binary pattern. We can replace all of the “noise-like” regions in the bit-planes of the vessel image with secret data without deteriorating the image quality. We termed our steganography “BPCS-Steganography,” which stands for Bit-Plane Complexity Segmentation Steganography.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eiji Kawaguchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Digital Media and ContentKeio UniversityTokyoJapan

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