Advertisement

Segmentation of Erythema from Skin Photographs for Assisted Diagnosis in Allergology

  • Elodie Roullot
  • Jean-Eric Autegarden
  • Patrick Devriendt
  • Francisque Leynadier
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3687)

Abstract

More than 2 people out of 10 suffer from allergies, which can take various forms, from eczema to anaphylactic reactions with possible lethal consequences. Diagnosis is achieved through so-called “prick-tests” or IDR (intra-dermo-reaction): the injection of a small quantity of substances suspected to cause the allergic manifestation induces an erythema, the size of which is a useful indicator for the diagnosis. The manual surface measurement is time-consuming and inaccurate. This article presents a method for the semi-automatic measurement of the erythema from a photograph of the skin, taken in such conditions that lighting problems are minimized. The method is based on region growing and takes advantage of the most significant color spaces; the Lab space appears to be the best suited. It was tested on nearly 100 images, taken by various operators, on patients with various skin pigmentations; it gave promising results and proved to be robust.

Keywords

Color Space Dark Skin Segmentation Problem Surface Ratio Skin Photograph 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Nischik, M., Forster, C.: Analysis of Skin Erythema Using True-Color Images. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 16(6), 711–716 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kopola, H., Lahti, A., Myllyla, R., Hannuksela, M.: Two-channel fiber optic skin erythema meter. Optical Engineering 32, 222–226 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dawson, J.B., Barker, D.J., et al.: A theoretical and experimental study of light absorption and scattering by in-vivo skin. Phys. Med. Biol. 25(4), 695–709 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ferguson-Pell, M., Hagisawa, S.: An empirical technique to compensate for melanin when monitoring skin microcirculation using reflectance spectrophotometry. Med. Eng. Physics 17(2), 104–110 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hajizadeh-Saffar, M., Feather, J.W., Dawson, J.B.: An investigation of factors affecting the accuracy of in vivo measurement of skin pigments by reflectance spectrophotometry. Phys. Med. Biol. 35(9), 1301–1315 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Diffey, B.L., Farr, P.M.: Quantitative aspects of ultraviolet erythema. Clin. Phys. Physiol. Meas. 12(4), 311–325 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Riordan, B., Sprigle, S., Linden, M.: Testing the validity of erythema detection algorithms. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 38(1) (January/February 2001)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Seidenari, S., Belletti, B.: The Quantification of Patch Test Responses: A Comparison Between Echographic and Colorimetric Methods. Acta. Derm. Venerol. 78, 364–366 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fullerton, A., Fischer, T., et al.: Guidelines for the Measurement of Skin Color and Erythema. Contact Dermatitis 35, 1–10 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Weatherall, I.L., Coombs, B.D.: Skin Color Measurements in Terms of Cielab Color Space Values. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 99, 468–473 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cocquerez, J.-P., Philipp, S.: Analyse d’images: filtrage et segmentation. Masson (1995)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Maître, H.: Le traitement des images. Lavoisier (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elodie Roullot
    • 1
  • Jean-Eric Autegarden
    • 2
  • Patrick Devriendt
    • 1
  • Francisque Leynadier
    • 2
  1. 1.Department Signal & TelecomsESME SudriaIVRY-SUR-SEINEFrance
  2. 2.Hôpital TenonService d’allergologieParisFrance

Personalised recommendations