Hierarchy in Fluid Construction Grammars

  • Joachim De Beule
  • Luc Steels
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3698)


This paper reports further progress into a computational implementation of a new formalism for construction grammar, known as Fluid Construction Grammar (FCG). We focus in particular on how hierarchy can be implemented. The paper analyses the requirements for a proper treatment of hierarchy in emergent grammar and then proposes a particular solution based on a new operator, called the J-operator. The J-operator constructs a new unit as a side effect of the matching process.


Noun Phrase Syntactic Structure Target Structure Lexical Entry Semantic Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Dowty, D., Wall, R., Peters, S.: Introduction to Montague Semantics. D. Reidel Pub. Cy., Dordrecht (1981)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goldberg, A.E.: Constructions.: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1995)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kay, P., Fillmore, C.J.: Grammatical Constructions and Linguistic Generalizations: the What’s X Doing Y? Construction. Language (May 1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Michaelis, L.: Entity and Event Coercion in a Symbolic Theory of Syntax. In: Oestman, J.-O., Fried, M. (eds.) Construction Grammar(s): Cognitive Grounding and Theoretical Extensions. Constructional Approaches to Language series, vol. 2, Benjamins, Amsterdam (2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Steels, L.: Evolving grounded communication for robots. Trends in Cognitive Science 7(7), 308–312 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Steels, L.: Constructivist Development of Grounded Construction Grammars. In: Scott, D., Daelemans, W., Walker, M. (eds.) Proceedings Annual Meeting Association for Computational Linguistic Conference, Barcelona, pp. 9–1 (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Steels, L.: The Emergence of Grammar in Communicating Autonomous Robotic Agents. In: Horn, W. (ed.) Proceedings of European Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2000, pp. 764–769. IOS Publishing, Amsterdam (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim De Beule
    • 1
  • Luc Steels
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Vrije Universiteit BrusselBelgium
  2. 2.Sony Computer Science LaboratoryParisFrance

Personalised recommendations