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The Parity Problem in the Presence of Noise, Decoding Random Linear Codes, and the Subset Sum Problem

(Extended Abstract)
  • Vadim Lyubashevsky
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3624)

Abstract

In [2], Blum et al. demonstrated the first sub-exponential algorithm for learning the parity function in the presence of noise. They solved the length-n parity problem in time 2 O(n/log n) but it required the availability of 2 O(n/log n) labeled examples. As an open problem, they asked whether there exists a 2 o(n) algorithm for the length-n parity problem that uses only poly(n) labeled examples. In this work, we provide a positive answer to this question. We show that there is an algorithm that solves the length-n parity problem in time 2 O(n/loglog n) using n 1 + ε labeled examples. This result immediately gives us a sub-exponential algorithm for decoding n × n 1 + ε random binary linear codes (i.e. codes where the messages are n bits and the codewords are n 1 + ε bits) in the presence of random noise. We are also able to extend the same techniques to provide a sub-exponential algorithm for dense instances of the random subset sum problem.

Keywords

Hash Function Linear Code Parity Function Random Element Parity Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vadim Lyubashevsky
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California at San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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