Experience with Holonic and Agent-Based Control Systems and Their Adoption by Industry

  • Kenwood H. Hall
  • Raymond J. Staron
  • Pavel Vrba
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3593)

Abstract

Currently industrial automation systems are built using a hierarchical top-down approach, yielding tightly coupled and low flexibility systems. Holonic and intelligent agent-based industrial control systems have the potential to be much more highly robust and flexible systems with very loose coupling between subsystems. Despite this potential these systems are slow to be adopted by industry. This paper explores Rockwell Automation’s current agent philosophy, application experience, the obstacles to widespread adoption of agent technology in industrial automation systems, and its recent activities to overcome some of the obstacles.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Koestler, A.: The Ghost in the Machine. Arkana, London (1967)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Auinger, F., Strasser, T., Christensen, J.H.: Using IEC 61499 Function Blocks (FBs) for Closed Loop Control Applications, International IMS Forum 2004, Villa Erba, Cernobbio, Italy (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission), TC65/WG6, 61131-3, 2nd edn., Programmable Controllers - Programming Languages (2001)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vasko, D., Maturana, F., Bowles, A., Vandenberg, S.: Autonomous Cooperative Systems Factory Control. PRIMA 2000, Australia (2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wirfs-Brock, R., Wilkerson, B., Wiener, L.: Designing Object-Oriented Software. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1990)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Staron, R., Maturana, F.P., Tichý, P., Šlechta, P.: Use of an Agent Type Library for the Design and Implementation of Highly Flexible Control Systems. In: 8th World Multiconference on Systemics, Cybernetics, and Informatics, SCI 2004, Orlando, FL (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hall, K., Staron, R., Vrba, P.: Holonic and Agent-based Control. 16th IFAC World Congress, Prague, Czech Republic (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenwood H. Hall
    • 1
  • Raymond J. Staron
    • 1
  • Pavel Vrba
    • 2
  1. 1.Rockwell Automation, Inc.Mayfield HeightsUSA
  2. 2.Rockwell Automation s.r.o.Research Center PraguePrague 5Czech Republic

Personalised recommendations