Looking Beyond Computer Applications: Investigating Rich Structures
Spatial structure supporting applications offer an abstract level of what can be found in the real world. However, in many systems, objects are aligned straight, rotation is not possible, they can be resized easily and can hold more text than is visible on the screen. Paper and structures created with paper seem to be more limited: Straight alignment is not possible without spending much time; paper can hardly be resized without damaging it; and piles may fall down if they become too tall. However, a closer look shows that paper structures offer much more attributes and dependencies than any current spatial structure supporting application. In this article, we compare paper structures to a selection of computer applications. We argue that the observed small additions with paper carry information which improves finding and organizing.
KeywordsStructural Computing Paper Structure Rich Structure Size Document Collection Object
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Ashdown, M.S.D.: Personal projected displays. Technical Report 585, University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory, 3 (2004)Google Scholar
- 4.Bush, V.: As we think. The Atlantic Monthly 176(1), 101–108 (1945)Google Scholar
- 5.Cole, I.: Human aspects of office filing: implications for the electronic office. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors Society, pp. 59–63 (1982)Google Scholar
- 9.Eastgate Systems. TinderboxTM for Macintosh v. 2.2. User’s Manual & Reference. Eastgate Systems (2004)Google Scholar
- 10.Engelbart, D.C.: Augmenting human intellect: A conceptual framework. Summary Report AFOSR-3233, Standford Research Institute, 10 (1962)Google Scholar
- 11.Frohlich, D., Perry, M.: The paperful office paradox. Technical Report HPL-94-20, Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, 3 (1994)Google Scholar
- 12.Gupton, K., Shipman, F.: Visual Knowledge Builder version 0.70. The user’s manual. Center for the Study of Digital Libraries, Texas A&M University (2000)Google Scholar
- 15.Khan, F.: A survey of note-taking practices. Technical Report HPL-93-107, Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, 12 (1994)Google Scholar
- 16.Kidd, A.: The marks are on the knowledge worker. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 186–191. ACM Press, New York (1994)Google Scholar
- 24.Omni Group. OmniGraffle 3 (2003)Google Scholar
- 26.Shipman, F., Airhart, R., Hsieh, H., Maloor, P., Moore, J.M., Shah, D.: Visual and spatial communication and task organization using the visual knowledge builder. In: Proceedings of the 2001 International ACM SIGGROUP Conference on Supporting Group Work, pp. 260–269. ACM Press, New York (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar