Towards Lazy Data Association in SLAM
We present a lazy data association algorithm for the simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) problem. Our approach uses a tree-structured Bayesian representation of map posteriors that makes it possible to revise data association decisions arbitrarily far into the past. We describe a criterion for detecting and repairing poor data association decisions. This technique makes it possible to acquire maps of large-scale environments with many loops, with a minimum of computational overhead for the management of multiple data association hypotheses. A empirical comparison with the popular FastSLAM algorithm shows the advantage of lazy over proactive data association.
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