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Biorefineries pp 137-152 | Cite as

Starch Biorefinery Enzymes

  • Albrecht Läufer
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 166)

Abstract

Nature uses enzymes to build and convert biomass; mankind uses the same enzymes and produces them on a large scale to make optimum use of biomass in biorefineries. Bacterial α-amylases and fungal glucoamylases have been the workhorses of starch biorefineries for many decades. Pullulanases were introduced in the 1980s. Proteases, cellulases, hemicellulases, and phytases have been on the market for a few years as process aids, improving yields, performance, and costs. Detailed studies of the complex chemical structures of biomass and of the physicochemical limitations of industrial biorefineries have led enzyme developers to produce novel tailor-made solutions for improving yield and profitability in the industry. This chapter reviews the development of enzyme applications in the major starch biorefining processes.

Keywords

Beer brewing DDGS Fuel ethanol High fructose corn syrup Industrial enzymes 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Corvay GmbHHannoverGermany

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