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Food and Feed Enzymes

  • Marco Alexander Fraatz
  • Martin Rühl
  • Holger Zorn
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 143)

Abstract

Humans have benefited from the unique catalytic properties of enzymes, in particular for food production, for thousands of years. Prominent examples include the production of fermented alcoholic beverages, such as beer and wine, as well as bakery and dairy products. The chapter reviews the historic background of the development of modern enzyme technology and provides an overview of the industrial food and feed enzymes currently available on the world market. The chapter highlights enzyme applications for the improvement of resource efficiency, the biopreservation of food, and the treatment of food intolerances. Further topics address the improvement of food safety and food quality.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Biotechnology Enzyme Feed Food Phytase 

Abbreviations

AMFEP

Association of Manufacturers and Formulators of Enzyme Products

BCWH

Bacterial cell wall hydrolase

BHA

2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole

BHT

2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methylphenol

COT

British Committee on Toxicology

DCP

Dichloropropanol

EC

European Commission or Enzyme Commission

EFSA

European Food Safety Authority

GM

Genetically modified

JECFA

Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives

MCPD

Monochloropropanediol

SCF

EU Scientific Committee on Food

StEP

Staggered extension process

TFA

Trans fatty acid

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the excellence initiative of the Hessian Ministry of Science and Art, which provides a generous grant for the Landes-Offensive zur Entwicklung Wissenschaftlich-Ökonomischer Exzellenz (LOEWE) research focus of insect biotechnology.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Alexander Fraatz
    • 1
  • Martin Rühl
    • 1
  • Holger Zorn
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Food Chemistry and Food BiotechnologyJustus Liebig University GiessenGiessenGermany

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