Y-Linked Markers for Improved Population Control of the Tephritid Fruit Fly Pest, Anastrepha suspensa

  • Marc F. Schetelig
  • Alfred M. Handler
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 136)


Insect pest control programs incorporating the sterile insect technique (SIT) rely on the mass production and release of sterilized insects to reduce the wild-type population through infertile matings. Most effective programs release only males to avoid any crop damage caused by female fruit flies or transmission of disease by female mosquitoes. Therefore, the females have to be eliminated, preferably in an early developmental stage, during mass rearing. Different systems and techniques have been created for the sex separation of a few insect species. One of these is the transgenic sex-specific fluorescent protein marking of the insects with automated fluorescent-based sorting of the individuals to achieve sex separation. Here we describe the Y-linked integration of fluorescent markers driven by the widely active Drosophila melanogaster polyubiquitin promoter in the Caribfly, Anastrepha suspensa. Four strains with Y-linked integrations were established with one line expressing the DsRed fluorescent protein marker during embryogenesis. This line now has the possibility for use with automated sex separation in rearing, and the same transgene markers could be used in other insects for similar applications.

Graphical Abstract


Sexing Insect pest management Y chromosome 



We thank Shelley Olson for excellent technical assistance. Funding is gratefully acknowledged form the USDA-NIFA-Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AMH) and the Emmy Noether Program SCHE 1833/1 of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (MFS).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Project group Bio-RessourcesJLU Gießen/Fraunhofer-Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME)GießenGermany
  2. 2.USDA/ARS, Center for MedicalAgricultural and Veterinary EntomologyGainesvilleUSA

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