Advances in Biogas Technology

Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 128)


Biogas technology has been practiced for over a century and is widely used in full-scale facilities in China. However, there are still many technological and economic barriers to be overcomed in its applications. Recent advances and multi-disciplinary cooperations in microbiology, biochemistry, and engineering science are bringing new promises of a better understanding and control of the anaerobic digestion processes, and thus a renaissance of this technology. In particular, great progress in biogas technology has been achieved in China in the approach to larger-scale and more widespread applications. This chapter overviews the recent advances in biogas technology in China, evaluates the current challenges, and discusses the emerging technologies and future perspectives.

Graphical Abstract


Anaerobic digestion Lignocellulosic waste Methanogen Municipal solid waste Process engineering 



The authors wish to thank the NSFC-JST Joint Project (21021140001) for their partial support of this work.


  1. 1.
    Yu FB, Luo XP, Guang LB et al (2008) Research advances in biogas fermentation microorganism. J Anhui Agric Sci 36(35):15658–15660 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Simankova MV, Kotsyurbenko OR, Lueders T et al (2003) Isolation and characterization of new strains of methanogens from cold terrestrial habitats. Syst Appl Microbiol 26:312–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Min H (1985) Energy metabolism in methanogenic bacteria. China Biogas 1:7–11 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Robbins EI (2000) Bacteria and archaea in acidic environments and a key to morphological identification. Hydrobiologia 433:61–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pei ZJ, Wang DW, Zhang N et al (2009) Effect of temperature on the efficiency of methanogenic bacteria. Heilongjiang Agric Sci 5:128–129 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Streicher C (1991) Improvement of the anaerobic digestion of diluted whey in a fluidized bed by nutrient additions. Environ Technol 12:333–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Murray WD, Vanden BL (1981) Effect of nickel, cobalt and molyb-denum on perfomance of methanogenic fixed–film reactors. Appl Environ Microbiol 42:502–505Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Abram JW, Nedwell DB (1987) Inhibition of methanogenesis by sulphate reducing bacteria competing for transferred hydrogen. Arch Microbiol 117:89–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li G, Yang LZ, Ou YF (2001) Control factors of anaerobic digestion and effect of pH and Eh. J Southwest Jiaotong University 36(5):518–521 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hu JJ, Zhou QY (1988) Environmental engineering microbiology. Higher Education Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ma DJ, Kong XD, Tang GS (2010) The technical parameters analysis of biomass biogas. Public Commun Sci Technol 15:135–136 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shen ZH (2005) Medium-sized biogas project status, problems and measures on industrial organic wastewater in China. China Biogas 23:161–166 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yan L, Zeng YW (2005) The feasibility analysis of power generation industry from biogas in China. China Biogas 23:233–237 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bian BX, Zhao YC (2005) Treatment and application of agriculture solid waste. Chem Ind Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang J (2009) The situation of straw resources and benefit analysis of straw biogas. Environ Prot Circul Econ 29(12):39–41 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhong WZ, Zhang ZZ, Qiao W, Fu PC, Liu M (2011) Comparison of chemical and biological pretreatment of corn straw for biogas production by anaerobic digestion. Renew Energy 36(6):1875–1879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yan ZY, Yuan YX, Liu XF et al. (2006) A study on biogas fermentation with straw. 2006 China biomass science and technology forum 2006:104–105 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Liu QY, Bian Y, Li JY (2008) Experimental study on the effects of white-rot fungus on the production ablity of methane with corn straw stalk. J Anhui Agric Sci 36(29):12841–12842Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bian Y, Liu QY, Li JY (2007) Experimental investigation of making biogas from dry fermented corn stalk. J Shenyang Agric Univ 38(3):440–442 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Li SM, Wei YJ, Zhang XJ et al (2008) Research on the biogas production from lignocellulosic material. Renew Energy Resour 26(1):50–54 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Song YM, Chen HZ (2008) Study on biogas production by thermophilic solid-state fermentation from steam exploded corn stalk. Chin J Environ Eng 2(11):1564–1570 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhang T (2009) The impact of ultrasound combined with dilute soda pretreatment on straw anaerobic pretreatment process. Hubei University of Technology master’s degree thesis (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Li LH, Li D, Sun YM, Ma LL et al (2010) Effect of temperature and solid concentration on anaerobic digestion of rice straw in South China. Int J Hydrogen Energy 35(13):7261–7266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Liu WW, Ma H, Wang JX et al (2007) Study on dry biogas anaerobic fermentation of rice straw. Bi-annual conference of chinese society of agricultural engineering 2007:1–5 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wang YZ, Yang L, Zhang T et al (2010) Effect of metal ions and surfactant addition on biogas production. Renew Energy Resour 28(2):30–32 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wang SY (2009) Effect of biogas solid-state fermentation of straw. Hubei University of Technology master’s degree thesis (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Huang RY, He WN, Tang HJ et al (2008) Straws biogas fermentation with bacterium additive pretreatment. China Biogas 26(4):24–26 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Su YY, Zhang WD (2003) Potential of the biogas fermentation with calla straw. Agric Technol 23(6):53–57 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sun C, Liu RH, Qin GD (2010) Experiments on pretreatment and anaerobic digestion of asparagus stalk for biogas production. Agric Eng 41(8):94–99 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wan CY, Huang FH, Liu R et al (2010) Effect on increasing biogas production using rape straw by microbiological pretreatment. Trans Chin Soc Agric Eng 26(6):267–271 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Chen L, Zhao LX, Dong BC et al (2010) The status and trends of the development of biogas plants for crop straws in China. Renew Energy Resour 28(3):145–148 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhao LX (2007) Medium and large scale biogas project. Chem Ind Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    An J, Chang J, Zhu ZQ (2008) The situation and development of city garbage stuffing and burying and biogas technology. Guangxi Agric Sci 23(5):60–63 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Shi JL, Li JF, Hu RQ, Song YQ (2002) Some problems in the utilization of urban LFG. China Energy 10(9):24–26Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Bernhard R, Zhao YC, Ji R et al (2007) Biogas from municipal and agricultural bioorganic waste: renewable energy for China. International symposium MBTGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Cheng W, Xia H, Yi Q (1999) Domestic wastewater treatment using an anaerobic bioreactor coupled with membrane filtration. Process Biochem 35:335–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Guan YT, Jiang ZP, Zhu WP et al (1998) Study on two-phase anaerobic technology for organic wastewater treatment. Environ Sci 19(6):56–59 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    He YL, Wu ZC, Li CJ (1999) Application of the anaerobic MBR for treatment of high concentration food wastewater. Environ Sci 20(6):53–55 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Wu J, Xu LJ, Xie JL (2006) The effect of alkali-pretreatment on anaerobic digestion of solid organic waste. Acta Sci Circumst 26(2):252–255Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Wu XQ, Liu KX, Li Y (1985) The application of wet-dry anaerobic fermentation process in the rural of Huanghuaihai region. Res Agric Mod 8:40–42 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Sun GC, Sha TL, Guo XM (1986) The productive experiment of dry anaerobic fermentation. J Sol Energy 7(1):10–15 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ye S, Wei JS, Zhao HL (1989) Automatic discharging dry anaerobic fermentation device. China Biogas 4:17–19 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Ma YR, Hui KJ, Rong LH (1990) The benefit of gas separation storage-constant voltage dry anaerobic biogas digestion technology in the dry and cold region of Ningxia province. China Biogas 8(2):25–26 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Kang HD (2005) small-scale efficient voltage stabilized auto-aimless filtration dry anaerobic digester. [EB/OL] http://www/
  45. 45.
    Gan RH (2004) Study on the stirring reactor for the poultry and livestock manure digestion. Huazhong Agricultural University master’s degree thesis (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Yan SP (2004) Studies on fermentation tin’s heating and heat preservation in the poultry and domestic dejects digestion with high temperature anaerobic dry fermentation. Huazhong Agricultural University master’s degree thesis (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Liu RH, Niu WS, Zhang DL (2005) Biomass thermal and chemical conversion technology. Chem Ind Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Peter T (2010) Biogas: Rethinking the midwest’s potential. Clean WisconsinGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    The report of European biomass energy development and utilization (2006). 8
  50. 50.
    Chen GY, Gao WX, Yan BB, Jia JN (2006) Present research status and development of biomass gasification technologies. Gas Heat 26(7):2–8 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Deng XL, Gao YW, Xu Y et al (2007) Progress in biomass gasification and its requipments. Biomass Chem Eng 41(6):37–41 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Fan JC, Wang YG, Gao H (2004) Economic benefit evaluation of biomass gasification and subsequent electricity generation. Energy Eng 1:20–23 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Sheng JJ (2007) Progress on biomass gasification and power generation. Energy Conservation Technol 25(1):76–80 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Wu CZ (2003) The electricity production by biomass gasification technology: (1) The working principle and technological process of electricity production by biomass gasification. Renew Energy 1:41–43 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Ying H, Jiang JC (2007) Conversion technology and utilization of biomass energy(IV)-technology and application of biomass gasifiacation. Biomass Chem Eng 41(6):47–55 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Zhao LC, Li XW, Wang GL et al (2008) The application and investigation of biomass gasification. Renew Energy 26(6):55–58 (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and EnvironmentHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina

Personalised recommendations