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Biofuels pp 263-288 | Cite as

Zymomonas mobilis for Fuel Ethanol and Higher Value Products

  • P. L. RogersEmail author
  • Y. J. Jeon
  • K. J. Lee
  • H. G. Lawford
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 108)

Abstract

High oil prices, increasing focus on renewable carbohydrate-based feedstocks for fuels and chemicals, and the recent publication of its genome sequence, have provided continuing stimulus for studies on Zymomonas mobilis. However, despite its apparent advantages of higher yields and faster specific rates when compared to yeasts, no commercial scale fermentations currently exist which use Z. mobilis for the manufacture of fuel ethanol. This may change with the recent announcement of a Dupont/Broin partnership to develop a process for conversion of lignocellulosic residues, such as corn stover, to fuel ethanol using recombinant strains of Z. mobilis. The research leading to the construction of these strains, and their fermentation characteristics, are described in the present review. The review also addresses opportunities offered by Z. mobilis for higher value products through its metabolic engineering and use of specific high activity enzymes.

Ethanol production Glycose/Xylose fermentations Higher value products Lignocellulosics Metabolic engineering Zymomonas mobilis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. L. Rogers
    • 1
    Email author
  • Y. J. Jeon
    • 1
  • K. J. Lee
    • 2
  • H. G. Lawford
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular SciencesUNSWSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of TorontoToronto Ont.Canada

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