Al-Cr-Ni (Aluminium - Chromium - Nickel)

Part of the Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV Physical Chemistry book series (volume 11A1)


This document is part of Subvolume A1 'Light Metal Systems. Part 1: Selected Systems from Ag-Al-Cu to Al-Cu-Er' of Volume 11 'Ternary Alloy Systems - Phase Diagrams, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data critically evaluated by MSIT®' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group IV Physical Chemistry. It provides the data for the ternary system Al-Cr-Ni (Aluminium - Chromium - Nickel).


phase diagram crystallography thermodynamics reaction scheme binary system pseudobinary system solid phase invariant equilibrium liquidus solidus solvus isothermal section temperature-composition section 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1933Roe]
    Röntgen, P., Koch, W., 'Influence of the Heavy Metals in Aluminium Alloys' (in German), Z. Metallkd., 25, 182-185 (1933)Google Scholar
  2. [1937Bra]
    Bradley, A.J., Lu, S.S., 'The X-Ray Study of the Chromium-Aluminium Equilibrium Diagram', J. Inst. Met., 60, 319-337 (1937)Google Scholar
  3. [1943Mon]
    Mondolfo, L.F., 'Metallography of Aluminium Alloys', Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 73-74 (1943)Google Scholar
  4. [1952Tay1]
    Taylor, A., Hinton, K.G., 'A Study of Order-Disorder and Precipitation Phenomena in Nickel-Chromium Alloys', J. Inst. Met., 81, 169-180 (1952)Google Scholar
  5. [1952Tay2]
    Taylor, A., Floyd, R.W., 'The Constitution of Nickel-Rich Alloys of the Nickel-Chromium-Aluminium System', J. Inst. Met., 81, 451-464 (1952-1953)Google Scholar
  6. [1953Kor]
    Kornilov, I.I., Mints, R.S., 'Phase Diagram of the Cr-Ni-Al System' (in Russian), Izv. Sekt. Fiz.-Khim. Anal., 22, 111-116 (1953)Google Scholar
  7. [1954Kor]
    Kornilov, I.I., Mints, R.S., 'The Fusibility Diagram of the Ni-Cr-NiAl System' (in Russian), Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 94(5), 1085-1088 (1954)Google Scholar
  8. [1955Kor1]
    Kornilov, I.I., Snetkov, A.Ya., 'X-ray Investigation of Limited Solid Solutions of Nickel' (in Russian), Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Otdel. Tekh. Nauk, (7), 84-88 (1955)Google Scholar
  9. [1955Kor2]
    Kornilov, I.I., Minc, R.S., 'Phase Diagram of the System NiCr-NiAl' (in Russian), Izv. Sekt. Fiz.-Khim. Anal., 26, 62-67 (1955)Google Scholar
  10. [1958Bag1]
    Bagaryatskiy, Yu.A., Petrova, Z.M., Utevskiy, L.M., 'The Phase Diagram of the Ni-Cr-NiAl System' (in Russian), Problemy Metalloved. i Fizika Metallov, (5), 235-240 (1958)Google Scholar
  11. [1958Bag2]
    Bagaryatskiy, Yu.A., 'The Cr Corner of the Cr-Ni-Al System and the Cr-NiAl Pseudobinary Section' (in Russian), Zh. Neorg. Khim., 3, 722-728 (1958)Google Scholar
  12. [1958Kor]
    Kornilov, I.I., Mints, R.S., 'An Investigation of the Ni-Cr-NiAl System', Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., 3(3), 214-225 (1958), translated from Zh. Neorg. Khim., 3(3), 699-707 (1958)Google Scholar
  13. [1959Gua]
    Guard, R.W., Westbrook, J.H., 'Alloying Behavior of Ni3Al (γ'-phase)', Trans. Met. Soc. AIME, 215, 807-814 (1959)Google Scholar
  14. [1960Kor]
    Kornilov, I.I., Pryakhina, L.I., Ryabtsev, L.A., 'Properties of the Multicomponent Ni Solid Solutions' (in Russian), Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Otdel. Tekh. Nauk, (2), 110-114 (1960)Google Scholar
  15. [1961Ham]
    Hammond, C.M., Flinn, R.A., Thomassen, L., 'Phase Equilibria and Elevated Temperature Properties of Some Alloys in the System Ni3Cr-Ni3Al', Trans. Met. Soc. AIME, 221, 400-405 (1961)Google Scholar
  16. [1961Pry]
    Pryakhina, L.I., Snetkov, A.Ya., Ryabtsev, L.A., 'X-Ray Diffraction Investigation of Multicomponent Ni Solid Solutions' (in Russian), Fiz. Met. Metalloved., 11, 670-676 (1961)Google Scholar
  17. [1963Arb]
    Arbuzov, M.P., Zelenkov, I.A., 'Structure of Ni3Al Alloys with Additions of a Third Element', Phys. Met. Metallogr., 15(5), 71-73 (1963), translated from Fiz. Metal. Metalloved., 15(5), 725-728 (1963)Google Scholar
  18. [1964Ram]
    Raman, A., Schubert, K., 'The Occurrence of Zr2Cu- and Cr2Al-Type Intermetallic Compounds' (in German), Z. Metallkd., 55, 798-804 (1964)Google Scholar
  19. [1965Ram]
    Raman, A., Schubert, K., 'On the Crystal Structure of Some Alloy Phases Related to TiAl3, III. Investigation in Several T-Ni-Al and T-Cu-Al Alloy Systems' (in German), Z. Metallkd., 56, 99-104 (1965)Google Scholar
  20. [1966Arb]
    Arbuzov, M.P., Kachkovskaya, E.T., Khayenko, B.V., 'Structural X-Ray Diffraction Study of the Compound Ni3Al Alloyed with Ti, Cr and W', Phys. Met. Metallogr., 21(6), 46-49 (1966), translated from Fiz. Metal. Metalloved, 21(6), 854-857 (1966)Google Scholar
  21. [1966Mal]
    Malkin, V.I., Pokidyshev, V.V., 'Determination of Thermodynamic Activity of Aluminium in the Ni-Al and Ni-Al-Cr Alloys by Emf Method' (in Russian), Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Metally, 2, 166-173 (1966)Google Scholar
  22. [1968Lin]
    Lindahl, T., Pilotti, A., Westman, S., 'Rhombohedrally Distorted Gamma Phases in the Copper-Mercury and Chromium-Aluminium Systems', Acta Chem. Scand., 22, 748-752 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [1968Mal]
    Malkin, V.I., Pokidyshev, V.V., 'Effect of Alloying Elements on the Thermodynamic Properties of Nickel-Aluminium Alloys' (in Russian), Sb. Tr. T. Nauch.-i. Inst. Chern. Met., 59, 94-99 (1968)Google Scholar
  24. [1970Cli]
    Cline, H.E., Walter, J.L., 'The Effect of Alloy Additions on the Rod-Plate Transition in the Eutectic NiAl-Cr', Metall. Trans., 1, 2907-2917 (1970)Google Scholar
  25. [1970Wal]
    Walter, J.L., Cline, H.E., 'The Effect of Solidification Rate on Structure and High Temperature Strength of the Eutectic NiAl-Cr', Metall. Trans., 1, 1221-1229 (1970)Google Scholar
  26. [1971Cli]
    Cline, H.E., Walter, J.L., Koch, E.F., Osika, L.M., 'The Variation of Interface Dislocation Networks with Lattice Mismatch in Eutectic Alloys', Acta Metall., 19, 405-414 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [1972Sch]
    Schuffenhauer, W., Foerster, W., 'Metallographic-Analytic Studies of Special Materials, Part II., Results of the Metallographic Analysis of the Nickel-Chromium-Aluminium System' (in German), Neue Huette, 17(2), 104-108 (1972)Google Scholar
  28. [1973Wal]
    Walter, J.L., Cline, H.E., 'Stability of the Directionally Solidified Eutectics NiAl-Cr and NiAl-Mo', Metall. Trans., 4, 33-38 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [1974Kau]
    Kaufman, L., Nesor, H., 'Calculation of Superalloy Phase Diagrams, Part II.', Metall. Trans., 5, 1623-1629 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [1975Ohn]
    Ohnishi, T., Nakatani, Y., Okabayashi, K., Bull. Univ. Osaka Prefect., 24, 183-191 (1975)Google Scholar
  31. [1976Jac]
    Jackson, M.R., Walter, J.L., 'Superalloy Eutectic Composites with the VIA Refractory Elements -Cr, Mo and W', in 'Superalloys-Metallurgy and Manufacture', AIME, New York, 341-350 (1976)Google Scholar
  32. [1976Low]
    Lowell, C.E., Garlick, R.G., Henry, B., 'Thermal Expansion in the Ni-Cr-Al and Co-Cr-Al Systems to 1200°C Determined by High-Temperature X-Ray Diffraction', Metall. Trans., 7A, 655-660 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. [1977Bra]
    Brandon, J.K., Pearson, W.B., Riley, P.W., Chieh, C., Stokhuyzen, R., 'γ-Brasses with R Cells', Acta Crystallogr., B33, 1088-1095 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [1977Jac1]
    Jackson, M.R., Rairden, R.R., 'Protective Coatings for Superalloys and the Use of Phase Diagrams', Proc. Workshop, NBS, Gaithersburg, MD, 1977, 423-426 (1977)Google Scholar
  35. [1977Jac2]
    Jackson, M.R., Raiden, J.R., General Electric Report 77CRD116, (1977)Google Scholar
  36. [1978Vol]
    Volkov, V.V., Akshertsev, Yu.N., Smirnov, L.V., Krinitsina, T.P., Voronina, L.P., 'Features of Directional Crystallization of Eutectic Alloys Ni-Ni3Ti, Fe-Fe2Ti and NiAl-Cr', Phys. Met. Metallogr., 45(5), 146-151 (1978), translated from Fiz. Metal. Metalloved., 45(5), 1065-1071 (1978)Google Scholar
  37. [1980Cha]
    Chart, T., Dinsdale, A., Putland, F., 'The NPL ALLOYDATA Bank: Its Use in the Calculation of Phase Diagrams for Super-Alloy Development', Spec. Publ. - Chem. Soc. (Ind. Use Thermochem. Data, Proc. Conf., 1979), 34, 235-245 (1980)Google Scholar
  38. [1980Sch]
    Schuermann, E., Kaiser, H.-P., 'Contribution to the Melting Equilibria of Iron-Aluminium and Iron-Phosphorous Alloys' (in German), Arch. Eisenhuettenwes., 51, 325-327 (1980)Google Scholar
  39. [1981Bro]
    den Broeder, F.J.A., dan Tendeloo, G., Amelinckx, S., Hornstra, J., de Ridder, R., van Landuyt, J., van Daal, H.J., 'Microstructure of Cr100-xAlx Alloys (10 at% < x < 33 at%) Studied by Means of Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffraction. II. Discovery of a New Phase', Phys. Status Solidi A, 67, 233-248 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [1981Sto]
    Storonkin, A.V., Vasil’kova, J.V., Krivousov, V.Yu., 'Thermographical Study of the Al-Zn-Ge System and Calculation of the Fusibility Diagrams of Some Termary Metallic Systems', Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 55, 196-198 (1981), translated from Zhur. Fiz. Khim., 55, 354-358 (1981)Google Scholar
  41. [1981Ten]
    van Tendeloo, G., den Broeder, F.J.A., Amelinckx, S., de Ridder, R., van Landuyt, J., van Daal, H.J., 'Microstructure of Cr100-xAlx Alloys (10 at% < x < 33 at%) Studied by Means of Transmission lectron Microscopy and Diffraction. I. Microstructure of the β-Phase', Phys. Stat. Sol. A, 67, 217-232 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [1982Tu]
    Tu, D.C., Thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook, (1982)Google Scholar
  43. [1982Wes]
    West, D.R.F., 'Ternary Equilibrium Diagrams', Inc, M., (Ed.), Third Ave, New York, 733, 94-99 (1982)Google Scholar
  44. [1983Dan]
    Danilov, V.F., Burnakov, K.K., Brazdin, I.A., Vodennikov, S.D., 'Change in the Structure of Ingots of Nickel Alloys During Heat Treatment' (in Russian), Izvest. VUZ. Chern. Metall., (3), 97-101 (1983)Google Scholar
  45. [1983Lan]
    DeLancrolle, N., Seigle, L.L., Univ. of N.Y. at Stony Brook (1983)Google Scholar
  46. [1983Och]
    Ochiai, S., Oya, Y., Suzuki, T., 'Solubility Data in Ni3Al with Ternary Addition', Bull. P.M.E., 52, 1-16 (1983)Google Scholar
  47. [1983Ofo]
    Oforka, N.C., 'The Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Equilibria of Al-Cr-Ni System', Thesis, Univ. Sheffield (1983)Google Scholar
  48. [1984Car]
    Carol, L.A., 'A Study of Interdiffusion in β+γ/γ+γ' Ni-Cr-Al Alloys at 1200oC', Thesis, Mechigan Technological University, (1984)Google Scholar
  49. [1984Hil]
    Hill, S.H., Ralph, B., 'Spectral Analysis of Atom-Probe Field - Ion Microscope Composition Profiles Using Fourier Techniques', Metallography, 17(2), 175-189 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [1984Mer1]
    Merchant, S.M., Notis, M.R., 'A Review: Constitution of the Al-Cr-Ni System', Mater. Sci. Eng., 66(1), 47-60 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. [1984Mer2]
    Merchant, S.M., Notis, M.R., Goldstein, J.I., 'Morphological Stability of β-γ Phase Interfaces in Ni-Cr-Al Alloys', in 'Microbeam Analysis', Romig, A.D., Goldstain J.I., (Eds.), 315-318 (1984)Google Scholar
  52. [1984Och1]
    Ochiai, S., Oya, Y., Suzuki, T., 'Alloying Behaviour of Ni3Al, Ni3Ga, Ni3Si and Ni3Ge', Acta Metall., 32, 289-298 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. [1984Och2]
    Ochiai, S., Mishima, Y., Suzuki, T., 'Lattice Parameter Data of Ni (γ), Ni3Al(γ') and Ni3Ga(γ') Solid Solution', Bull. P.M.E., 53, 15-28 (1984)Google Scholar
  54. [1984She]
    Shechtman, D., Boettinger, W.J., Kattamis, T.Z., Biancaniello, F.S., 'Microstructure and Phase Solubility Extention in Rapidly Solidified NiAl-Cr Quasibinary Eutectic', Acta Metall., 32(5), 749-756 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. [1985Bar]
    Barry, T.I., Chart, T.G., 'Thermodynamic Approach to the Possibilities for Replacing Expensive Elements in High- Temperature Alloys', Commission of the European Communities, Physical Sciences Report Eur. 9564, EN, 1-77 (1985)Google Scholar
  56. [1985Boe]
    Boettinger, W. J., Shechtman, D., Kattamis, T.Z., Schaefer, R.J., 'The Effect of Rapid Solidification Velocity on Micro- structure and Phase Solubility Extension in NiAl-Cr Quasibinary Eutectic', Els. Sci. Pub. Conf: Rapdl. Quench. Met., 871-874 (1985)Google Scholar
  57. [1985Mis]
    Mishima, Y., Ochiai, S., Suzuki, T., 'Lattice Parameters of Ni(γ), Ni3Al(γ') and Ni3Ga(γ'') Solid Solutions of Transition and B-Subgroup Elements', Acta Metall., 33(6), 1161-1169 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. [1985Ofo]
    Oforka, N.C., Argent, B.B., 'Thermodynamics of Ni-Cr-Al Alloys', J.Less-Common Met., 114, 97-109 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. [1986Gor]
    Gorev, K.V., Kupchenko, G.P., Mayinov, A.V., 'Structural and Phase Transitions in Unidirectionally Crystallized Eutectic Ni-Cr-Al Alloys' (in Russian), Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 30(4), 334-336 (1986)Google Scholar
  60. [1986Hua]
    Huang, S.C., Briant, C.L., Chang, K.-M., Taub, A.I., Hall, E.L., 'Carbon Effects in Rapidly Solidified Ni3Al', J. Mater. Res., 1(1), 60-67 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. [1987Kha]
    Khadkikar, P.S., Vedula, K., 'An Investigation of the Ni5Al3 Phase', J. Mater. Res., 2(2), 163-167 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. [1987Nes1]
    Nesbitt, J.A., Heckel, R.F., 'Interdiffusion in Ni-Rich, Ni-Cr-Al Alloys at 1100°C and 1200°C: Part I. Diffusion Path and Microstructures', Metall. Trans. A, 18A, 2061-2073 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. [1987Nes2]
    Nesbitt, J.A., Heckel, R.F., 'Interdiffusion in Ni-Rich, Ni-Cr-Al Alloys at 1100°C and 1200°C: Part II. Diffusion Coefficients and Predicted Concentration Profiles', Metall. Trans. A, 18A, 2075-2086 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. [1987Nes3]
    Nesbitt, J.A., Heckel, R.F., 'Predicting Diffusion Path and Interface Motion in γ/γ+β, Cr-Ni-C Diffusion Couples', Metall. Trans. A, 18A, 2087-2094 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. [1987Ofo]
    Oforka, N.C., Haworth, C.W., 'Phase Equilibria of Aluminium-Chromium-Nickel System at 1423 K', Scand. J. Met., 16, 184-188 (1987)Google Scholar
  66. [1988Bre]
    Bremer, F.J., Beyss, M., Karthaus, E., Hellwig, A., Schober, T., Welter, J.M., Wenzl, H., 'Experimentall Analysis of the Ni-Al Phase Diagram', J.Cryst. Growth, 87, 185-192 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. [1988Hoc]
    Hoch, M., 'Thermodynamic Behavior of Very Stable Solid Binary Compounds with a Wide Homogeneity Range: Their Influence in the Liquid Phase and in Ternary and Higher component Systems in the Solid State', Z. Metallkd., 79, 426-434 (1988)Google Scholar
  68. [1988Li]
    Li, X.Z., Kuo, K.H., 'Decagonal Quasicrystals with Different Peridicities along the Tenfold Axis in Rapidly Solidified Al-Ni Alloys', Phil. Mag. Lett., 58(3), 167-171 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. [1988Ten]
    van Tendeloo, G., van Landgut, J., Amelinckx, S., Ranganathan, S., 'Quasi-Crystals and their Crystalline Homologues in the Al60Mn11Ni14 Ternary Alloys', J. Microscopy, 149, 1 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. [1989Ell]
    Ellner, M., Braun, J., Predel, B., 'X-Ray Diffraction Investigation of Al-Cr Phases of the W-Family' (in German), Z. Metallkd., 80, 374-383 (1989)Google Scholar
  71. [1989Hon]
    Hong, Y.M., Nakayama, H., Mischma, Y., Suzuki, T., 'The γ-Solvus Surface in Ni-Al-X (X=Cr, Mo and W) Ternary Systems', ISIJ International, 29(1), 78-84 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. [1989Zho]
    Zhou, W.L., Li, X.Z., Kuo, K.H., 'A New Hexagonal Metastable Phase Coexisting with the Decagonal Quasicrystal in Al-Cr-Ni and Al-Mn-Ni Alloys', Scr. Metall., 23, 1571-1574 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. [1990Col]
    Colin-Urtado, P., Thesis, Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (1990)Google Scholar
  74. [1990Dav]
    David, D., Thesis, Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (1990)Google Scholar
  75. [1990Kek]
    Kek, S., Rzyman, C., Sommer, F., An. Fis. B, 86, 31-38 (1990)Google Scholar
  76. [1991Fie]
    Field, R.D., Lahrman, D.F., Darolia, R., 'The Effect of Alloying on Slip Systems in [001] Oriented NiAl Single Crystals', Acta Metall. Mater., 39, 2961-2969 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. [1991Kim]
    Kim, Y.D., Wayman, C.M., 'Transformation and Deformation Behavior of Thermoelastic Martensite Ni-Al Alloys Produced by Powder Metallurgy Method' (in Korean), J. Korean Inst. Met. Mater., 29(9), 960-966 (1991)Google Scholar
  78. [1991Miu]
    Miura, S., Hayashi, T., Takekawa, M., Mishima, Y., Suzuki, T., 'The Compression Creep Behavior of Ni3Al-X Single Crystals', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.: High-Temp. Ordered Intermetallic Alloys IV, 213, 623-628 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. [1991Rog]
    Rogl, P., 'Aluminum-Chromium-Nickel', MSIT Ternary Evaluation Program, in MSIT Workplace, Effenberg, G. (Ed.), MSI, Materials Science International Services GmbH, Stuttgart; Document ID: 10.12731.1.20 (1991)Google Scholar
  80. [1992Gor]
    Goretsky, G.P., 'Study of Alloys of Binary Eutectics α+γ and α+β in the Ni-Cr-Al Systems' (in Russian), Metally, (5), 199-202 (1992)Google Scholar
  81. [1992Gra]
    Grabke, H.J., Brumm, M., Steinhorst, M., 'Development of Oxidation Resistant High Temperature Intermetallics', Mater. Sci. Technol., 8, 339-344 (1992)Google Scholar
  82. [1992Hil]
    Hilpert, K., Miller, M., 'Study of the Vaporization of Ni-Cr-Al and Fe-Cr-Al Base Alloys by Knudsen Effusion Mass Spectrometry', Z. Metallkd., 83(10), 739-743 (1992)Google Scholar
  83. [1992Mur]
    Murakami, Y., Otsuka, K., Hanada, S., Watanabe, S., 'Crystallography of Stress-Induced B2→7R Martensitic Transformation in a Ni-37.0 at% Al Alloy', Mater. Trans. JIM, 33(3), 282-288 (1992)Google Scholar
  84. [1992Wen]
    Wen, K.Y., Chen, Y.L., Kuo, K.H., 'Crystallographic Relationships of the Al4Cr Crystalline and Quasicrystalline Phases', Met. Trans. A., 23A, 2437-2445 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. [1993Cot1]
    Cotton, J.D., Noebe, R.D., Kaufman, M.J., 'NiAl-Rich Portion of the NiAl-Cr Pseudobinary Eutectic System', J. Phase Equilib., 14(5), 579-582 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. [1993Cot2]
    Cotton, J.D., Kaufman, M.J., Noebe, R.D., 'The Effects of Chromium on NiAl Intermetallic Alloys: Part I. Microstructure and Mechanical Properties', Intermetallics, 1, 3-20 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. [1993Gle]
    Gleeson, B., Cheung, W.H., Young, D.J., 'Cyclic Oxidation Behaviour of Two-Phase Ni-Cr-Al Alloys at 1100°C', Corros. Sci., 35(5-8), 923-929 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. [1993Kha]
    Khadkikar, P.S., Locci, I.E., Vedula, K., Michal, G.M., 'Transformation to Ni5Al3 in a 63.0 at% Ni-Al Alloy', Metall. Trans. A, 24A, 83-94 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. [1993Nic]
    Nicholls, J.R., Lawson, K.J., Al Yasiri, L.H., Hancock, P., 'Vapour Phase Alloy Design of Corrosion-Resistant Overlay Coatings', Corros. Sci., 35(5-8), 1209-1223 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. [1994ICD]
    ICDD Powder Diffraction File. International Centre for Diffraction Data, Newtown Square, PA (1994)Google Scholar
  91. [1994Jia]
    Jia, C.C., Ishida, K., Nishizawa, T., 'Partition Of Alloying Elements Between γ (A1), γ` (L12) and β (B2) Phases In Ni-Al Base Systems', Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 25, 473-485 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. [1994Mur]
    Murthy, A.S., Goo, E., 'Triclinic Ni2Al Phase in 63.1 Atomic Procent NiAl', Met. Mater. A, 25A(1), 57-61 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. [1994Yeu]
    Yeung, C.W., Hopfe, W.D., Morral, J.E., Romig Jr., A.D., in 'Experimental Methods of Phase Diagram Determination, Warrendale', Morral, J.E., Sciffmann, R.S., Merchant, S.M., (Eds.), Warrendale, PA: The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 39-44 (1994)Google Scholar
  94. [1995Aud]
    Audier, M., Durand-Charre, M., Laclau, E., Klein, H., 'Phase Equilibria in the Al-Cr System', J. Alloys Compd., 220, 225-230 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. [1996Eng]
    Engstroem, A., Agren, J., 'Assessment of Diffusional Mobilities in Face-centred Cubic Ni-Cr-Al Alloys', Z. Metallkd., 87(2), 92-97 (1996)Google Scholar
  96. [1996Lon]
    Longa-Nava, Y., Zhang, Y.S., Takemoto, M., Rapp, R.A., 'Hot Corrosion of Nickel-Chromium and Nickel-Chromium-Aluminum Thermal-Spray Coatings by Sodium Sulfate-Sodium Metavanadate Salt', Corros. Sci., 52(9), 680-689 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. [1996Pau]
    Paufler, P., Faber, J., Zahn, G., 'X-Ray Single Crystal Diffraction Investigation on Ni1+xAl1-x', Acta Crystallogr., Sect. A: Found. Crystallogr., A52, C319 (1996)Google Scholar
  98. [1996Ros]
    Rosell-Laclau, E., Durand-Charre, M., Audier, M., 'Liquid-Solid Equilibria in the Aluminium-Rich Corner of the Al-Cr-Ni System', J. Alloys Compd., 233, 246-263 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. [1996Sch]
    Schmuck, C., Danoix, F., Caron, P., Hauet, A., Blavette, D., 'Atomic Scale Investigation of Ordering and Precipitation Processes in a Model Ni-Cr-Al Alloy', Appl. Surf. Sci., 94/95, 273-279 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. [1996Vik]
    Viklund, P., Haeussermann, U., Lidin, S., 'NiAl3: a Structure Type of its Own?', Acta Cryst., Sect. A: Found Crystallogr., A52, C-321 (1996)Google Scholar
  101. [1996Wu]
    Wu, R., Report to Investment Casting Cooperative Arrangement, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin (1996)Google Scholar
  102. [1997Bou]
    Bouche, K., Barbier, F., Coulet, A., 'Phase Formation During Dissolution of Nickel in Liquid Aluminium', Z. Metallkd., 88(6), 446-451 (1997)Google Scholar
  103. [1997Eng]
    Engstroem, A., Morral, J.E., Agren, J., 'Computer Simulations of Ni-Cr-Al Multiphase Diffusion Couples', Acta Mater., 45(3), 1189-1199 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. [1997Kai]
    Kainuma, R., Ikenoya, H., Onuma, I., Ishida, K., 'Pseodo-Interface Formation and Diffusion Behaviour in the B2 Phase Region of NiAl-Base Diffusion Couples', Def. Diffus. Forum, 143-147, 425-430 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. [1997Kre]
    Kreici, J., Svoboda, M., Buchal, A., Svejcar, J., 'Structure of Ni20Cr13Al Alloy with and without Carbon Addition annelaed at 800°C', Mater. Sci. Eng. A, A232, 191-199 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. [1997Li]
    Li, X.Z., Hiraga, K., Yamamoto, A., 'Icosahedral Cluster in the Structure of an Al-Cr-Ni k-Phase', Philos. Mag. A, 76(3), 657-666 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. [1997Poh]
    Pohla, C., Ryder, P.L., 'Crystalline and Quasicrystalline Phases in Rapidly Solidified Al-Ni Alloys', Acta Mater., 45, 2155-2166 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. [1997Pot]
    Potapov, P.L., Song, S.Y., Udovenko, V.A., Prokoshkin, S.D., 'X-ray Study of Phase Transformations in Martensitic Ni-Al Alloys', Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 28A, 1133-1142 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. [1997Sai]
    Saito, Y., 'The Monte Carlo Simulation of the Ordering Kinetics of fcc to L12 Structure in Ni-Al-X Ternary Alloys', Mater. Sci. Eng. A, A223, 10-16 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. [1997Sat]
    Sato, A., Yamamoto, A., Li, X.Z., Haibach, T., Steurer, W., 'A New Hexagonal kappa Phase of Al-Cr-Ni', Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C: Cryst. Struct. Commun., 53(11), 1531-1533 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. [1997Sch]
    Schmuck, C., Caron, P., Hauet, A., Blavette, D., 'Ordering and Precipitation of gama` Phase in Low Supersaturated Ni-Cr-Al Model Alloy: an Atomic Scale Investigation', Philos. Mag. A, 76(3), 527-542 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. [1998Mat]
    Matan, N., Winand, H.M.A., Carter, P., Karunaratne, M., Bogdanoff, P.D., Reed, R.C., 'A Coupled Thermodynamic/Kinetic Model for Diffusional Processes in Superalloys', Acta Mater., 46(13), 4587-4600 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. [1998Mur]
    Murray, J.L., 'The Al-Cr (Aluminium-Chromium) System', J. Phase Equilib., 19(4), 368-375 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. [1998Qia]
    Qiao, Q.M.S., 'Interdiffusion Microstructure in γ+β/γ+γ' Diffusion Couples', Thesis, University of Connecticut (1998)Google Scholar
  115. [1998Rav]
    Ravelo, R., Aguilar, J., Baskes, M., Angelo, J.E., Fultz, B., Holian, B.L., 'Free Energy and Vibrational Entropy Difference between Ordered and Disordered Ni3Al', Phys. Rev. B, 57(2), 862-869 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. [1998Sim]
    Simonyan, A.V., Ponomarev, V.I., Khomenko, N.Yu., Vishnyakova, G.A., Gorshkov, V.A., Yukhvid, V.I., 'Combustion Synthesis of Nickel Aluminides', Inorg. Mater., 34(6), 558-561 (1998), translated from Neorg. Mater., 34(6), 684-687 (1998)Google Scholar
  117. [1999Che]
    Chen, H., Morral, J.E., 'Variation of the Effective Diffusivity in Two-Phase Regions', Acta Mater., 47(4), 1175-1180 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. [1999Hua]
    Huang, W., Chang, Y.A., 'Thermodynamic Properties of the Ni-Al-Cr System', Intermetallics, 7, 863-874 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. [1999Kau]
    Kaufman, L., Dinsdale, A.T., 'Summary of the Proceedings of the CALPHAD XXVII Meeting, 17-22 May 1998, Beijing, China, Calphad, 23(3-4), 265-303 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. [1999Sun]
    Sung, P.K., Poirier, D.R., 'Liquid-Solid Partition Rations in Nickel-Base Alloys', Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 30A, 2173 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. [1999Tia]
    Tian, W.H., Han, C.S., Nemoto, M., 'Precipitation of α-Cr in B2-ordered NiAl', Intermetallics, 7, 59-67 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. [1999Zak]
    Zakharov, R.G., Zyazev, V.L., Petrova, S.A., Vatolin, N.A., 'High-Temperature X-ray Diffraction Studies of Nikel-Chromium Aluminides', Dokl. Phys., 44(11), 760-762 (1999)ADSGoogle Scholar
  123. [1999Zya]
    Zyazev, V.L., Dovgopol, S.P., Medvedeva, N.I., Bulanov, V.Ya, 'Crystal Structure, Magnetic Susceptibility, and Electron Structure of Nickel Chromium Aluminide', Phys. Met. Metallogr. (Engl. Transl.), 88(3), 256-260 (1999)Google Scholar
  124. [2000Boe]
    Boettger, B., Grafe, U., Ma, D., Fries, S.G., 'Simulation of Microsegregation and Microstructural Evolution in Directionally Solidified Superalloys', Mater. Sci. Technol., 16, 1425-1428 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. [2000Mah]
    Mahdouk, K., Gachon, J.-C., 'Thermodynamic Investigation of the Aluminium-Chromium System', J. Phase Equilib., 21(2), 157-166 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. [2000Sal]
    Saltykov, P.A., Witusiewicz, V.T., Arpshofen, I., Seifert, H.-J., Aldinger, F., 'Thermodynamics of Liquid and Undercooled Liquid Al-Cr-Ni Alloys', Proc. Disc. Meet. Thermodyn. Alloys, 64 (2000)Google Scholar
  127. [2000Sha1]
    Shao, G., Tsakiropoulos, P., 'On the 7 Phase Formation in Cr-Al and Ti-Al-Cr Alloys', Acta Mater., 48, 3671-3685 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. [2000Sha2]
    Shao, G., Nguyen-Manh, D., Pettifor, D.G., Tsakiropoulos, P., '7-Phase Formation in a Rapidly Solidified Cr-40 at% Al Alloy', Phil. Mag. Let., 80(11), 703-710 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. [2000Uch]
    Uchida, M., Matsui, Y., 'A New Stacking Motif: Complex Alloy Structures Interpreted as Modulated Structures', Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Crystallogr. Crys. Chem., 56, 654-658 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. [2001Com]
    Compton, D.N., Cornish, L.A., Witcomb, M.J., 'The Effect of Microstructure on Hardness Measurements in the Aluminium-Rich Corner of the Al-Ni-Cr System', J. Alloys Compd., 317-318, 372-378 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. [2001Dup]
    Dupin, N., Ansara, I., Sundman, B., 'Thermodynamic Re-Assessment of the Ternary System Al-Cr-Ni', Calphad, 25(2), 279-298 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. [2001Ter]
    Terada, Y., Ohkubo, K., Mohri, T., Suzuki, T., 'Site Preference Determination in Intermetallic Compounds by Thermal Conductivity Measurement', J. Mater. Res., 16(8), 2314-2320 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. [2002Bro]
    Brozh, P., Svoboda, M., Burzhik, J., Kroupa, A., Havrankova, J., 'Theoretical and Experimental Study of the Influence of Cr on the γ+γ’ Phase Field Boundary in the Ni-Al-Cr System', Mat. Sci. Eng.A, A325, 59-65 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. [2002Cam]
    Campbell, C.E., Boettinger, W.J., Kattner, U.R., 'Development of a Diffusion Mobility Database for Ni-Base Superalloys', Acta Mater., 50, 775-792 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. [2002Fis]
    Fischer, R., Frommeyer, G., Schneider, A., 'Chromium Precipitation in B2-ordered NiAl-2 at% Cr Alloys Investigated by Atom Probe Field Ion Microscopy', Mat. Sci. Eng. A, A327, 47-53 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. [2002Guo]
    Guo, J.T., Du, X.H., Zhou, L.Z., Zhou, B.D., Qi, Y.H., Li, G.S., 'Superplasticity in NiAl and NiAl-Based Alloys', J. Mater. Res., 17(9), 2346-2356 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. [2003Cor]
    Cornish, L., Saltykov, P., Cacciamani, G., Velikanova, T., 'Al-Cr (Aluminium-Chromium)', MSIT Binary Evaluation Program, in MSIT Workplace, Effenberg, G. (Ed.), MSI, Materials Science International Services GmbH, Stuttgart; to be published, (2003)Google Scholar
  138. [2003Sal]
    Saltykov, P., Cornish, L., Cacciamani, G., 'Al-Ni (Aluminium-Nickel)', MSIT Binary Evaluation Program, in MSIT Workplace, Effenberg, G. (Ed.), MSI, Materials Science International Services GmbH, Stuttgart; to be published, (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Science International Services GmbHStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations