An Executable Model of the Interaction between Verbal and Non-verbal Communication

  • Catholijn M. Jonker
  • Jan Treur
  • Wouter C. A. Wijngaards
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1916)


In this paper an executable generic process model is proposed for combined verbal and non-verbal communication processes and their interaction. The model has been formalised by three-levelled partial temporal models, covering both the material and mental processes and their relations. The generic process model has been designed, implemented and used to simulate different types of interaction between verbal and non-verbal communication processes: a non-verbal communication process that adds and modifies content to a verbal communication process, but also provides a protocol for the (control of the) verbal communication process. With respect to the communication protocol stimulus-response behaviour and deliberate behaviour have been modelled and simulated.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Austin, J.L.: How to do things with words. Oxford University Press, London (1962)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blamey, S.: Partial Logic. In: Gabbay, D., Günthner, F. (eds.) Handbook of Philosophical Logic, vol. III, pp. 1–70. Reidel, Dordrecht (1986)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bradshaw, J.M. (ed.): Software Agents. AAAI Press/MIT Press (1997)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brazier, F.M.T., Dunin-Keplicz, B.M., Jennings, N.R., Treur, J.: Formal Specification of Multi-Agent Systems: a Real World Case. In: Lesser, V. (ed.) Proceedings First International Conference on Multi-Agent Systems, ICMAS 1995, pp. 25–32. MIT Press, Cambridge (1995); Extended Version in: Huhns, M., Singh, M. (eds.): International Journal of Co-operative Information Systems, IJCIS, vol. 6 (1), pp. 67–94 (1997); special issue on Formal Methods in Co-operative Information Systems: Multi-Agent SystemsGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cassell, J., Steedman, M., Badler, N.I., Pelachaud, C., Stone, M., Douville, B., Prevost, S., Achorn, B.: In: Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta (1994)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chaib-draa, B., Levesque, P.: Hierarchical model and communication by signs, signals and symbols in multi-agent environments. In: Perram, J., Müller, J.P. (eds.) MAAMAW 1994. LNCS, vol. 1069. Springer, Heidelberg (1996); Also in: Journal of Experimental and Theoretic Artificial Intelligence 8, 7–20 (1996)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cohen, P.R., Morgan, J., Pollack, M. (eds.): Intentions in Communication. MIT Press, Cambridge (1990)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cohen, P.R., Levesque, H.J.: Communicative Actions for Artificial Agents. In: [3], pp. 419-436 (1997)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dretske, F.I.: Knowledge and the Flow of Information. Basil Blackwell, Oxford (1981)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Engelfriet, J., Treur, J.: Temporal Theories of Reasoning. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 5, 239–261 (1995)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Finin, T., Labrou, Y., Mayfield, J.: KQML as an Agent Communication Language. In: [3], pp. 291-316 (1997)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Goldsmith, S., Spires, S.: Agent communication using Distributed Metaobjects. In: Dignum, F., Chaib-draa, B., Weigand, H. (eds.) Proceedings of the Agent Communication Languages Workshop 1999, ACL 1999. LNCS (LNAI). Springer, Heidelberg (2000)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hauser, M.D.: The Evolution of Communication. MIT Press, Cambridge (1996)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jonker, C.M., Treur, J.: Modelling an Agent’s Mind and Matter. In: Boman, M., Van de Velde, W. (eds.) MAAMAW 1997. LNCS, vol. 1237, pp. 210–233. Springer, Heidelberg (1997)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Langholm, T.: Partiality, Truth and Persistence. CSLI Lecture Notes, vol. 15. Stanford University, Stanford (1988)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Perrault, C.R.: An Application of Default Logic to Speech Act Theory. In: [7], pp. 161-186 (1990)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Searl, J.R.: Speech Acts: an Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press, New York (1969)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Treur, J.: Temporal Semantics of Meta-Level Architectures for Dynamic Control of Reasoning. In: Fribourg, L., Turini, F. (eds.) LOPSTR 1994 and META 1994. LNCS, vol. 883, pp. 353–376. Springer, Heidelberg (1994)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vongkasem, L., Chaib-draa, B.: Conversations are Joint Activities. In: Dignum, F., Chaib-draa, B., Weigand, H. (eds.) . Proceedings of the Agent Communication Languages Workshop 1999, ACL 1999. LNCS (LNAI). Springer, Heidelberg (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catholijn M. Jonker
    • 1
  • Jan Treur
    • 1
  • Wouter C. A. Wijngaards
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Artificial IntelligenceVrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations