Chapter

Organofluorines

Volume 3N of the series The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry pp 121-136

Date:

Naturally Occurring Organofluorines

  • Gordon W. GribbleAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry, Dartmouth College Email author 

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Although 3700 naturally occurring organohalogens are now known to exist, only relatively few contain fluorine. The presence of several fluoroalkanes in volcanic and other geothermal emissions is well documented, although exactly how these compounds are produced remains a mystery. Also unknown is the impact that these natural fluoroalkanes have on the global atmospheric budget compared to their anthropogenic counterparts, since the concentrations of the natural compounds vary widely depending on the source. The remarkable ability of a few plants to sequester and convert fluoride into the highly toxic fluoroacetate and other fluorocarboxylic acids is well recognized, and the mechanisms for their formation are becoming understood.

Keywords

Organofluorine fluoroacetate Fluoroacetic acid gifblaar fluorocitrate Fluorinated fatty acids Nucleocidin 4-Fluorothreonine Fluoroacetaldehyde Fluorite Hydrogen fluoride Fluoroalkanes Trifluoroacetic acid Tetrafluoroethylene Tetrafluoromethane