Advertisement

Studying Educational Computing Projects

Challenges and Opportunities
  • Mary E. Hopper
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT, volume 145)

Abstract

This paper describes how a long-term project has evolved from a qualitative research study carried out in the early 1990s to the point of transition where it is today. The long-term goal of the project has been to improve the viability of educational computing projects by identifying and disseminating effective and sustainable strategies. The initial study took place between the years 1990–1993. Information from interviews with 19 key participants and supplemental documents were used to explore the educational, technical and organizational contexts of a number of projects. In each project, attempts to reach unique discipline and learner oriented goals afforded by new computing capabilities led to unforeseen technical challenges that became intertwined with issues related to traditional organizational structures. Limitations encountered in the original study’s methodology drove this project to transform into an initiative to use negotiation and cooperation to collect and compare historical data about educational computing projects.

Key words

Distributed computing Academic computing Historical case studies 

References

  1. Alpert, D. and Bitzer, D., 1970, Advances in computer-based education. Science 167: 1582–1590Google Scholar
  2. Arfman, J.M. and Roden, P., 1992, Project Athena: Supporting distributed computing, IBM Systems Journal 31(3): 550–563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arms, W. Y., 1988, Andrew Plus: Personal Computing at Carnegie Mellon, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA.Google Scholar
  4. Arms, W. Y., 1990, Reflections on Andrew, EDUCOM Review, 25(3): 33–39.Google Scholar
  5. Beeman, W. O., Anderson, K. T., Bader, G., Larkin, J., McClard, A. P., McQuillan, P. and Shields, M., 1987, Intermedia: A Case Study of Innovation in Higher Education. Providence, Brown University Office of Program Analysis, Institute for Research in Information and Scholarship, Providence, RIGoogle Scholar
  6. Borg, W. R. and Gall, M. D., et al., 1989, Educational Research: An Introduction, 5th ed., Longman Publishing, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  7. Bucciarelli, L., 1992, Results of Survey of Student use of Athena-Based Problem Solutions, unpublished raw data, MIT, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  8. Bucciarelli, L. and LaVin, A. R., 1992, 2.01: The mechanics of solids, and Athena: A conversation with Larry Bucciarelli, Athena Insider: The Academic Computing Services Newsletter, 3(1): 6–11.Google Scholar
  9. Champine, G. A., 1991, MIT Project Athena: A Model for Distributed Campus Computing, Digital Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  10. Einstein, H., 1991, Engineering Geology Educator, in C. Avril, ed., Windows on Athena: Vol. 2: Project Athena’s Curriculum Development Projects...And Beyond, MIT, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  11. Gerovitch, S., 2002, Toward an Interactive History of Science and Technology: Reflections on the Dibner/Sloan Web Project, paper presented at the LXV plenum of the Russian National Committee of the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, Moscow.Google Scholar
  12. Hopper, M. E., LeBold, W. K., and Feghali, A. A., 1991, A hypermedia-based problem-solving approach to engineering, learning, working, and playing, in Proceedings of the 1991 Frontiers in Education Conference, pp. 73–78.Google Scholar
  13. Hopper, M.E., 1997, The Role of Learners in the Construction of Successful Courseware Projects in Distributed Academic Computing Environments, round-table presentation at the Annual Meeting of American Educational Research Association, Advanced Technologies for Learning (SIG-ATL), Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
  14. Hopper, M. E., 1994, Usable software in advanced educational computing projects, ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics, 28(1): 46–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hopper, M.E., 1993, Expert’s views about key issues for courseware development in advanced computing environments [Abstract], in H. Maurer, ed., Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 93-World Conference on Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, p. 607.Google Scholar
  16. Hopper, M. E., 1993, Educational Courseware Production in Advanced Computing Environments, unpublished doctoral dissertation, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.Google Scholar
  17. Jackson, G., 1991, Conclusion: Project Athena in the evolution of academic computing at MIT, in C. Avril, ed., Windows on Athena: Vol.2: Project Athena’s Curriculum Development Projects...And Beyond, MIT, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  18. Kinnicutt, P., 1992, Engineering Geology Tutor 1.32/1.38 Questionnaire General Comments, unpublished data, MIT Department of Civil Engineering, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  19. Launhardt, J. and Kahn, P., 1991, The Educational Uses of Intermedia (Tech. Rep. No 91-2), Brown University Institute for Research in Information and Scholarship, Providence, RI.Google Scholar
  20. Landow, G. P., 1989, Course assignments using hypertext: The example of Intermedia, Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 21: 349–365.Google Scholar
  21. LeBold, W. K., Hopper, M. E., and Feghali, A. A., 1991, A hypermedia solution to a hyper problem: Personalized computer engineering career system, in Proceedings of the 1991 ASEE-IEEE Annual Conference (Educational Research and Methods Division), pp. 482–488.Google Scholar
  22. Lerman, S., 1987, Mission and Goals for Project Athena After June 1988, MIT Project Athena, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  23. Marshall, C. and Rossman, G. B., 1989, Designing Qualitative Research, Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA.Google Scholar
  24. McClintock, R., 1986, Into the starting gate: On computing and the curriculum, Teacher’s College Record, 88(2).Google Scholar
  25. McCune, J. E., 1989, The TODOR workshop: Computer-enhanced teaching of fluid mechanics, in C. Avril, ed., Windows on Athena: Project Athena’s Curriculum Development Projects, Project Athena, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  26. Meyrowitz, N., 1986, Intermedia: The architecture and construction of an object-oriented hypertext/hypermedia system and applications framework, ACM SIGPLAN Notices 21(11): 186–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Meyrowitz, N., 1991, Hypertext-does it reduce cholesterol, too? in Nyce, J. and Kahn, P. eds., From Memex to Hypertext: Vanevar Bush and the Mind’s Machine, Academic Press, pp. 287–318.Google Scholar
  28. MIT Committee on Academic Computation for the 1990’s and Beyond, 1990, Computing for Education at MIT: Final Report, MIT, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  29. Mitchell, W. J. and Dertouzos, M. L., 1997, MIT Educational Technology Council Report, MIT, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  30. Molnar, A., 1990, Computers in education: A historical perspective of the unfinished task, THE Journal 18(4): 80–83.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  31. Murman, E. M., 1987, Computer Enhanced Curriculum For Fluid Mechanics: A Progress Report, MIT, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  32. Murman, E. M., LaVin, A. R. and Ellis, S. C., 1988, Enhancing Fluid Mechanics Education with Workstation Based Software, AIAA Paper 88-0001 Paper presented at the AIAA 26th Aerospace Sciences Meeting January 11–14, 1988, Reno, Nevada.Google Scholar
  33. Office of Technology Assessment, 1988, Power on!: New Tools for Teaching and Learning, Congress of the U. S., Office of Technology, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  34. Papert, S., 1980, Mindstorms: Children, Computers, and Powerful Ideas, Basic Books, NY.Google Scholar
  35. Stewart, J., 1989, How to manage educational computing initiatives-lessons from the first five years of Project Athena at MIT, in E. Barrett, ed., The Society of Text: Hypertext, Hypermedia and the Social Construction of Information, MIT Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 284–321.Google Scholar
  36. Taylor, R. P. (Ed.), 1980, The Computer in the School: Tutor, Tool, Tutee, Teachers College Press, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  37. Trilling, L., 1988, AERO/ASTRO Students’ Reaction to the Use of Athena Materials in Fluid Mechanics, MIT Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  38. Yankelovich, N., Meyrowitz, N. and VanDam, A., 1985, Reading and writing the electronic book, IEEE Computer, 18(10): 15–30.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary E. Hopper
    • 1
  1. 1.Lesley UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations