Advertisement

ISSUES OF RADIOACTIVITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT WITHIN URBAN GROUNDWATER SYSTEMS IN RUSSIA

  • Liliya M. Rogachevskaya
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 74)

Abstract

This paper examines the issue of radioactivity within urban groundwater systems in Russia. Since the atomic industry began, the enterprises associated with different elements of the nuclear fuel cycle have become industrially advanced and helped drive the development of satellite cities. However, the groundwater systems of these cities were affected, especially in terms of water balance and quality. Radioactivity as a specific contaminant is a source of concern for both the public and scientists. This paper examines data concerning radioactive pollution produced by nuclear power plants, research reactors, and the Chernobyl accidents. The main conclusion is that radiation pollution is much less of a risk to the health of the Russian population than social and economic factors.

Keywords

Nuclear Power Plant Radioactive Waste Chernobyl Accident Groundwater Vulnerability Nuclear Fuel Cycle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Gremiachkin, V.A., Kobzar, I.G., Konev, G.I., et al., 2004, Radioecological monitoring and environmental state within the Research Institute of Atomic Reactors (Dimitrovgrad), Proc. Int. Conf. “Ecological and Information safety”, Atomenergoizdat, Moscow, p. 43–47.Google Scholar
  2. Lebedev, V.A., Akhunov, V.D., Lopatin, V.V. et al., 2001, Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Deep Geological Formations in Russia: Results and Prospects, In: Geological Challenges in Radioactive Waste Isolation, US Department of Energy Report under Contract DE-AC03-76SF00098, 219–224.Google Scholar
  3. Petruhin, V.V., Bahur, A.E., and Zuev, V.M., 2001, Results of control measurements of radionuclide contents of geological media within NPP's 30-km zone, Bulletin of the Central Areas of Russia (Инфoκoм-гeo, ÌMoscow), 2 (15): 39–44.Google Scholar
  4. Rogachevskaya, L.M., 2004, Infiltration and radionuclide migration in the Bryansk region, In: Xi, Gu and Seiler (eds), Research Basins and Hydrological Planning, A.A.Balkema, Rotterdam, 287–290.Google Scholar
  5. Rogachevskaya, L.M., and Dubinchuk, V.T., 2001, Aeration zone as a main shield for shallow ground water, In: Water Quality Evaluation and Prediction in the Areas Affected by the Chernobyl Accident (Bryansk Oblast), Project UNDP Report RUS/95/004, Infocom-geo, Ìoscow, 91–99.Google Scholar
  6. Rogachevskaya, L.M., and Zektser, I.S., 2003, Assessment of groundwater vulnerability to radionuclide contamination after the Chernobyl accident within the Dnieper Artesian Basin (the Bryansk Region of Russia), Environ Sci & Pollut Res, Special Issue No 1: 1A, Ecomed Publishers, Landsberg, Germany, 57–62.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liliya M. Rogachevskaya
    • 1
  1. 1.Water Problems InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations