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Chlorophyll c Pigments: Current Status

  • Manuel Zapata
  • José L Garrido
  • Shirley W. Jeffrey
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 25)

Abstract

Chlorophyll (Chl) c pigments are found in nine Divisions of aquatic chromophyte algae, co-occurring with Chl a and carotenoids in chloroplast thylakoids, and in two Divisions of photosynthetic prokaryotes. Chls c differ from Chls a, b and d in being Mg-phytoporphyrins rather than Mg-chlorins. In addition to Chls c 1, c 2 and c 3, many new Chl c-like pigments have recently been isolated and characterized in parallel with advances in separation techniques and spectroscopic methods. Since 1990, the number of known Chls c increased from seven (Chls c 1, c 2, c 3, Chl cCS-170, a Chl c 2-like pigment from Pavlova gyrans, [DV]-PChlide (i.e. MgDVP) and a nonpolar Chl c-like pigment) to eleven compounds. Novel Chls c include [MV]-Chl c 3 from the haptophyte Emiliania huxleyi, a Chl c 1-like pigment from the dinoflagellate Kryptoperidinium foliaceum and two Chl c 2 pigments esterified with monogalactosyl diacylglycerides (MGDG) which have been identified as Chl c 2-MGDG (18:4/14:0) from E. huxleyi and Chl c 2-MGDG (14:0/14:0) from Chrysochromulina polylepis, respectively. In addition, one nonpolar Chl c 1-like pigment has been isolated from Prymnesium parvum. Chl c 2 is the major Chl c pigment found in all Divisions of chromophyte algae, either alone or with significant quantities of Chls c 1 and/or c 3. Chl c diversity is highest in the Haptophyta.

Keywords

Phytoplankton Pigment Emiliania Huxleyi Rhodomonas Salina Prochlorococcus Marinus HPLC Pigment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manuel Zapata
    • 1
  • José L Garrido
    • 2
  • Shirley W. Jeffrey
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro de Investigacións Mariñas, Consellería de Pesca, Xunta de GaliciaSpain
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigacións Mariñas de Vigo (CSIC)VigoSpain
  3. 3.CSIRO Division of Marine ResearchAustralia

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