Mud Volcanism, Geodynamics and Seismicity of Azerbaijan and the Caspian Sea Region

  • Behrouz M. Panahi
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 51)


A dramatic activation of geodynamic processes of a natural and technogenic origin has been observed within the Azerbaijan and the Caspian Sea area for the last decade. It is evident this activation observed due to the unique geodynamics of the region which associated with peculiarities of geological structure — in particular, with a very thick and young sedimentary cover. Geological and thermodynamic conditions of sedimentary cover have formed the situation of an extremely non-balanced phase and mechanical instability. Most part of the earthquakes sources are confined to the sedimentary cover and mud volcanism is widely spread there. Space and time correlation of seismicity and mud volcanism testify that relationship mechanism is of a specific character and may be stipulated by re-organization of acting stress fields as a result of internal processes in the sedimentary thick.

Key words

earthquake eruption mud volcanism seismicity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Agabekov, M., Sultanov, F., and Islamov K., 1960. The geological reasons of earthquake felt in Baku on November 28, 1958, Letters of Azerbaijan State University, series of geological sciences, 67–70 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arefiev, S., Rogodzin, E., Tatevossian, R., Rivera, L. and Cisternas, A., 2000. The Neftegorsk (Sakhalin Island) 1995 earthquake: a rare interplate event, Geophys. Journ. Int., 143, 595–607.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Coulter, H., and Migliaccio, R.R., 1967. Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, at Valdes, Alaska, U.S. Govt. Print Off., WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Florensov, N.A., and Solonenko, V.P., (Eds.), 1963. The Gobi-Altai earthquake, Acad. Nauk USSR, Moscow (in Russian), (English translation, U.S. Dept. Commerce, Washington, 1965).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gorshkov, G. P., 1984. Regional seismotectonics of the USSR southern part, Nauka, Moscow. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harkovska, A., Karaguleva, I., and Iliev I., 1982. Sand volcanoes caused by Vrancea earthquakes (March 4, 1977) in North Bulgaria, Sofia. Mar. 87–98 (in English).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kondorskaya, N., and Gorbunova I., 1993. Catastrophic earthquake of December 7, 1988 in Armenia: the analysis of seismic situation in the seismic source zone, Izvestia Physics of the Solid Earth, 7, 17–23 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lukyanov, A.V., 1963. Horizontal movements along faults during modern catastrophic earthquakes, in Faults and horizontal movements of earth crust. Proceedings of Geologic Institute of USSR’s Academy of Sciences 80, 123–137 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Panahi, B., and Kasparov V., 1986. The problems of the Caspian Sea area seismic regime, Academy of Sciences Azerbaijan SSR, Earth Sciences Series, 1, 91–98 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Panahi, B., and Rahmanov, R., 1993. Mudvolcanic earthquakes. M., Science, Volcanology and seismology, 2, 98–103 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Panahi, B., 1998. Seismicity of the areas of mud volcanoes location. Thesis of doctor dissertation, IPE, Moscow.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Panahi, B., 2000. On spatial and time correlation of earthquakes and mud volcano eruptions and seismic regime of Azerbaijan-Caspian sea region. Geophysics news in Azerbaijan, Baku, 1, 26–29.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pichard, P., Ambraseys, N., and Ziogas G., 1976. The Gemona di Friuli Earthquake of 6 May, 1976, in Promotion of the study of natural hazards of geophysical origin. Paris, 111.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rahmanov, R., Safarova, O., Panahi, B., Khalilov, A., Efendiyev, A., Muradova, F., and Shikhlinski, S., 1992. To eruption of mud volcano Keyreki, Azerbaijan Oil Economy, 7, 8–13 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rahmanov, R., 1987. Mud volcanoes and their importance in forecasting of subsurface petroleum potential, Nedra, Moscow, (in Russian).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ridd, M., 1970. Mud volcanoes in New Zealand, Bulletin of AAPG, 54,4, 601–616.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Riznichenko, Y., and Zakharova, 1971. Generalized law of earthquakes repetition. Izvestia Physics of the Solid Earth, 3: 29–38 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rogodzin, E., and Leontyev A., 1992. Zaysan earthquake of 1990. Surface deformations and tectonic position of the source, Izvestia Physics of the Solid Earth, 9, 3–14 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rogodzin, E., 1995. Neftegorsk earthquake of 27(28). 05. 1995: geologic appearances and tectonic position of the source, Informational and analytic bulletin of Neftegorsk earthquake. FSSNPZ, Moscow, special issue: 80–94 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rogodzin, E., and Borisov B., 1986. Seismic dislocations in the epicenter zones of West Turkmenian earthquakes. Detailed engineering seismologic investigations. Problems of engineering seismology. M., Science, Issue 2, 116–135 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Segerstrom, R., 1960. Eruption of water, sand and clay resulting from the earthquake of May 21, 1960 near Conception, Chile. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 71, 12.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Shenkaryova, G., 1966. On the method of seismic data analysis (Caucasus and Turkmenistan areas), Soviet geology, 8, 160–170 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Solonenko, V., and Treskov A., 1960. Middle Baikal earthquake of August 29, 1959, Nauka, Moscow, 237 (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Behrouz M. Panahi
    • 1
  1. 1.Geology InstituteAzerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan

Personalised recommendations