Impact of Increased Mineral Particle Concentration on the Behavior, Suspension-Feeding and Reproduction of Acartia clausi (Copepoda)

  • N Shadrin
  • L Litvinchuk
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science Series IV: Earth and Environmental Series book series (NAIV, volume 47)


Erosion and dumping lead to increased concentrations of mineral particles in coastal waters. The muddy waters contained high concentrations of hydrophylic limestone particles 2–50 microns in diameter. Accumulations of these particles on the sea floor can lead to the mortality of benthic macro-organisms. Using laboratory experiments, we studied the impact of dumping from mines on the mobility, feeding and reproduction of the pelagic suspension-feeder Acartia. Increased particle load changes copepod locomotive and digestive processes. Nauplii production per female decreased about 7 times in waters polluted with mineral particles. A conceptual model of mineral particle concentration impact on suspension-feeders is presented.

Key words

Copepoda mineral particles suspension-feeding reproduction Black Sea 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Dagg M. 1977 Some effects of patchy food environment on copepods. Limnol Oceanogr 22: 99–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hansen B Hansen PJ Nilsen TG 1991 Effects of large nongrazable particles on clearence and swimming behaviour of zooplankton. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 152: 257–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ivlev VS 1961 Experimental Ecology of the Feeding of Fishes. New Haven, Yale Univ. Press, 292 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Kiørboe T Tiselius PJ 1987 Gut clearence and pigment destruction in herbivorous copepod, Acartia tonsa, and the determination of in situ grazing rates. J Plank Res 9: 525–534Google Scholar
  5. Kovaleva TM 1982 The influence of algae fouling of copepods on their vital activity. Ecol morja 11: 29–36 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Kovaleva TM 1984 Effect of algae size and concentration on the consumption rate of two species of marine copepods. Ecol morja 31: 20–35 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Kovaleva TM Shadrin NV 1983 Changes in motor activity and fat consumption in Acartia clausi Giesbr. during long fasting. Ecol morja 14: 44–50 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Kovaleva TM Shadrin NV 1984 Changes in motor activity and fat consumption in Acartia clausi Giesbr. during long fasting. Can Trans Fish Aqua Sci 5047 20 p. (Trans from RU: Ecol morja, 1983, v. 14)Google Scholar
  9. Leising A.M Franks PJ 2002 Does Acartia clausi (Copepoda; Calanoida) use an area restricted food? Hydrobiologia 480: 193–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Petipa TS 1981 Trophodynamics of Copepoda in Marine Planktonic Ecosystems. Naurova Dumka, Kiev, 242 p (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Shadrin NV 1990 Influence of biotic factors on energy balance of hydrobionts. In: Bioenergetics of Hydrobionts. GE Shulman and GA. Finenko (Eds), Naukova Dumka, Kiev, pp 109–118 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Shadrin NV 1990b Population mechanisms of regulation of copepods energetic budget and generation abundance. In: Bioenergetics of Hydrobionts. GE Shulman GA Finenko (Eds.) Naukova Dumka, Kiev, pp 110–118 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Shadrin NV Kovaleva TM Fedorova L 1991 Mudwater impact upon shelf plankton. 26 Eur Mar Biol Symp, Abstract, Middelburg, 142 pGoogle Scholar
  14. Sokal RR Rohlf FJ 1995 Biometry, WH Freeman, New York, 450 pGoogle Scholar
  15. Tiselius P Jonsson PR 1990 Foraging behaviour of six calanoid copepods: observations and hydrodynamic analysis. Mar Ecol Progr Ser 66: 23–33Google Scholar
  16. White JR Dagg MJ 1989 Effect of suspended sediments on egg production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Mar Biol 102: 315–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • N Shadrin
    • 1
  • L Litvinchuk
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Biology of the Southern SeasSevastopolUkraine
  2. 2.Zoological InstituteSaint PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations