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Morphological Peculiarities of the Neuron

  • I. P. Johnson
Chapter

Summary

This chapter gives an overview of the morphological features of neurones that distinguish them from other cells, allow them to carry out their unique function in the body. After a brief historical review, the peculiar nature of neuronal size and shape are considered, together with the consequences of this for neuronal classification, connectivity, excitability, intracellular transport and vulnerability to injury. This is followed by a description of the ways organelles are distributed and organised within neurones and the functional correlates of this. Finally, synaptic terminal structure is considered in the context of electrical and trophic interactions

Keywords

Cell Body Dorsal Root Ganglion Synaptic Vesicle Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurone Dendritic Spine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. P. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.University CollegeLondonUK

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