Dephasing in Disordered Metals with Superconductive Grains
Temperature dependence of electron dephasing time τ ϕ(T) is calculated for a disordered metal with small concentration of superconductive grains. Above the macroscopic superconducting transition line, when electrons in the metal are normal, Andreev reflection from the grains leads to a nearly temperature-independent contribution to the dephasing rate. In a broad temperature range τ ϕ −1 (T) strongly exceeds the prediction of the classical theory of dephasing in normal disordered conductors, whereas magnetoresistance is dominated (in two dimensions) by the Maki-Tompson correction and is positive.
Key wordsdephasing superconductive fluctuations
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